Sunday  June 26, 2022
 AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!
 SCARCE: The general condition indicating that a good or resource is limited relative to the what people want. In terms of ALL resources and goods throughout society, the related term scarcity is used. Being scarce is what makes it possible to exchange goods and resources through markets, and most importantly, charge a price. If a good is not scarce, which means that the economy has more than enough to satisfy all available uses, then there is no way to sell it. Who would buy such an item, pay a price for it, give up something of value in exchange for it, when it is so abundant? Likewise, if a item is so abundant, using it to satisfy one use does not impose an opportunity cost on other uses.

AVERAGE REVENUE PRODUCT CURVE:

A curve that graphically illustrates the relation between average revenue product and the quantity of the variable input, holding all other inputs fixed. This curve indicates the per unit revenue at each level of the variable input. The average revenue product curve is one of two related curves often used in the analysis of factor demand. The other, and more important, is marginal revenue product curve.
The average revenue product curve indicates how average revenue product is related to the quantity of a variable input used in production. While the analysis of factor markets tends to focus on labor as the variable input, a average revenue product curve can be constructed for any input.

Average Revenue Product Curve
This diagram graphically represents the relation between average revenue product and the variable input. This particular curve is derived from the hourly production of Super Deluxe TexMex Gargantuan Tacos (with sour cream and jalapeno peppers) as Waldo's TexMex Taco World restaurant employs additional workers. The number of workers, measured on the horizontal axis, ranges from 0 to 10 and the average revenue product, measured on the vertical axis, ranges from \$0 to \$60.

The shape of this average revenue product curve is most important. For the first two workers of variable input, average revenue product increases. This is reflected in a positive slope of the average revenue product curve. After the third worker, average revenue product declines. This is seen as a negative slope. While average revenue product continues to decline, it never reaches zero nor becomes negative. To do so requires total revenue to become zero and negative, which just does not happen.

The hump-shape of the average revenue product curve is indirectly caused by increasing and decreasing marginal returns. The upward-sloping portion of the average revenue product curve, up to the second worker, is indirectly due to increasing marginal returns. The downward-sloping portion of the average revenue product curve, after the third worker, is indirectly due to decreasing marginal returns. and the law of diminishing marginal returns.

 <= AVERAGE REVENUE PRODUCT AND MARGINAL REVENUE PRODUCT AVERAGE TOTAL COST =>

Recommended Citation:

AVERAGE REVENUE PRODUCT CURVE, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: June 26, 2022].

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