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April 17, 2021 

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FALLACY OF MASS APPEAL: The logical fallacy of arguing that something is "correct" or "true" because a majority of the population thinks so. This is commonly used by both advertisers and politicians. Just because something is popular, doesn't mean it's "right." In fact, a cynic might argue that being popular probably makes it "wrong."

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AXIOM:

A basic precondition or assumption underlying a theory. Axioms are basic, unverifiable world view assumptions--including personal beliefs, political views, and cultural values--that form the foundation of a theory.
An axiom is a statement or notion that is unprovable, but presumed to be true. Axioms cannot be verified directly with real world data, and as such are largely accepted on faith. They comprise the world view of a scientific theory. Many axioms reflect religious beliefs, political ideologies, and views about the basic nature of humanity and the universe. Belief in a supreme, omnipotent, omniscience being is one such axiom. The notion that people are basically good (or bad) is another. The presumption that the universe abides by cause-and-effect relations is a key axiom for all of science.

While axioms cannot be verified directly with real world data, as is the case for hypotheses, they can be "checked" indirectly. Suppose, for example, dozens of theories that employ the same axiom generate hundreds of hypotheses that are refuted by real world data. The problem might rest with this axiom. If this axiom is then replaced with an alternative, and the subsequent hypotheses are supported by data, then the validity of the original axiom is even more suspect.

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AXIOM, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2021. [Accessed: April 17, 2021].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | assumption | cause and effect | ceteris paribus | theory | world view | model | principle | hypothesis | verification | variables |


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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway trying to buy either a birthday greeting card for your uncle or a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Presidential election. Be on the lookout for door-to-door salesmen.
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The first "Black Friday" on record, a friday marked by a major financial catastrophe, occurred on September 24, 1869 -- A FRIDAY -- when an attempted cornering of the gold market induced a financial crises and economy-wide depression.
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