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February 21, 2024 

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RISK POOLING: Combining the uncertainty of individuals into a calculable risk for large groups. For example, you may or may not contract the flu this year. However, if you're thrown in with 99,999 other people, then health-care types who spend their lives measuring the odds of an illness, can predict that 1 percent of the group, or 1,000 people, will get the flu. The uncertainty is that they probably don't know which 1,000 people, they only know the number afflicted. This little bit of information is what makes risk pooling possible. If the cost is $50 per illness, then an insurance company can insure your 100,000-member group against flu if they collect $50,000 ($50 x 1,000 sick people), or 50 cents per person. By agreeing to pay the cost of each sick person in exchange for the 50 cent payments, the insurance company has effectively pooled the risk of the group.

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CONTRIBUTIVE STANDARD: One of three basic income distribution standards (the other two are equality standard and needs standard). The contributive standard distributes income based on a person's contribution to production. This standard answers the For Whom? question of allocation primarily through the use of prices and markets. The resources used to produce goods that more highly valued society (meaning they better satisfy unlimited wants and needs) command higher prices and thus generate more income to their owners. An actor, for example, who can attract millions of adoring. $7-a-ticket fans to one performance of an action-packed, blockbuster movie produces a good that is more highly valued by society than a philosophy professor who spends all semester teaching a handful of reluctant, $100-a-credit-hour students the finer details of existentialism.

     See also | income distribution | income | distribution standards | needs standard | equality standard | three questions of allocation | efficiency | incentive | value | marginal productivity theory | For Whom? |


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CONTRIBUTIVE STANDARD, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: February 21, 2024].


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CAPITAL ACCOUNT, BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

A subset of the balance of payments accounts that tracks the flow of currency and other monetary assets used to purchase financial and physical assets. This part of balance of payments tracks domestic investment in the foreign sector and foreign investment in the domestic sector. This is one of two primary subsets of the balance of payments. The other is the current account. A deficit or surplus in the capital account is matched by an opposite surplus deficit in the current account.

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ORANGE REBELOON
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time wandering around the shopping mall trying to buy either decorative picture frames or storage boxes for your income tax returns. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
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It's estimated that the U.S. economy has about $20 million of counterfeit currency in circulation, less than 0.001 perecent of the total legal currency.
"No man, for any considerable time, can wear one face to himself and another to the multitude without finally getting bewildered as to which may be true."

-- Nathanial Hawthorne, Author

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