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PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES: The official item in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis measuring household consumption expenditures on gross domestic product. Personal consumption expenditures are far and away the largest and tends to be the most stable of the four expenditures, averaging about 65-70% of gross domestic product. The other official expenditures included in the National Income and Product Accounts are gross private domestic investment, government consumption expenditures and gross investment, and net exports of goods and services.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Concept
  • What It Is
  • Two Sides: SRAS
  • Two Sides: LRAS
  • Two Sides: AD
  • Two Traits
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Equilibrium
  • Concept
  • Three Markets
  • Moving Target
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Doing Curves
  • Long-Run Equilibrium
  • Long-Run Disequilibrium: Too High
  • Long-Run Disequilibrium: Too Low
  • Short-Run Equilibrium
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Self Correction
  • Short Run
  • Recessionary Gap
  • Inflationary Gap
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Policy Preview
  • Time
  • Time of Adjustment
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Aggregate Market

    This lesson is devoted to the exposition of the aggregate market, which combines the aggregate demand curve and the two aggregate supply curves into two related models used to analyze the macroeconomy. The main focus of this lesson is on how each of the two models, one for the short run and one for the long run, achieve equilibrium. A key conclusion is that the short-run equilibrium does not necessarily correspond to the full-employment production achieved by the long-run equilibrium. This creates recessionary and inflation gaps, which correspond to the macroeconomic problems of unemployment and inflation.

    • In the first unit of this lesson we ponder the basics of the aggregate market, including the importance of aggregate demand, aggregate supply, the price level, real production, unemployment, and inflation.
    • Moving into the second unit, we review the concept of equilibrium and see how it relates to the aggregate market in both the short run and the long run.
    • The third unit analyzes short and long-run equilibrium by combining the aggregate demand, short-run aggregate supply, and long-run aggregate supply curves.
    • The topic of self-correction is examined in the fourth unit, especially how automatic shifts of the short-run aggregate supply curve can eliminate recessionary and inflationary gaps.
    • The fifth and final unit of this lesson previews the use of the aggregate market to analyze business cycle stabilization policies, with particular emphasis on the time period of adjustment.

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    PATERNALISM

    A fundamental philosophical viewpoint that the private sector (households and businesses) needs to be closely supervised by the public sector (government). In other words, members of society need to be watched over, cared for, and kept out of trouble, like parents watch over, care for, and keep their children out of trouble.

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    APLS

    PINK FADFLY
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors looking to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the second moon landing or a coffee cup commemorating Thor Heyerdahl's Pacific crossing aboard the Kon-Tiki. Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.
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    In the Middle Ages, pepper was used for bartering, and it was often more valuable and stable in value than gold.
    "Live in such a way that you would not be ashamed to sell your parrot to the town gossip."

    -- Will Rogers

    M1
    currency and coins held by the nonbank public plus checkable deposits issued by traditional banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, and mutual savings banks
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