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ADVISORY COUNCILS, FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM: Three support committees that provide feedback to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to assist in its assorted regulatory responsibilities, including Federal Advisory Council, Thrift Institutions Advisory Council, and Consumer Advisory Council. The Federal Advisory Council is a broad ranging council comprise of commercial bankers. The Thrift Institutions Advisory Council is comprised of representatives of thrift institutions. The Consumer Advisory Council is comprised of consumer credit representatives.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Concept
  • What It Is
  • Two Sides: SRAS
  • Two Sides: LRAS
  • Two Sides: AD
  • Two Traits
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Equilibrium
  • Concept
  • Three Markets
  • Moving Target
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Doing Curves
  • Long-Run Equilibrium
  • Long-Run Disequilibrium: Too High
  • Long-Run Disequilibrium: Too Low
  • Short-Run Equilibrium
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Self Correction
  • Short Run
  • Recessionary Gap
  • Inflationary Gap
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Policy Preview
  • Time
  • Time of Adjustment
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Aggregate Market

    This lesson is devoted to the exposition of the aggregate market, which combines the aggregate demand curve and the two aggregate supply curves into two related models used to analyze the macroeconomy. The main focus of this lesson is on how each of the two models, one for the short run and one for the long run, achieve equilibrium. A key conclusion is that the short-run equilibrium does not necessarily correspond to the full-employment production achieved by the long-run equilibrium. This creates recessionary and inflation gaps, which correspond to the macroeconomic problems of unemployment and inflation.

    • In the first unit of this lesson we ponder the basics of the aggregate market, including the importance of aggregate demand, aggregate supply, the price level, real production, unemployment, and inflation.
    • Moving into the second unit, we review the concept of equilibrium and see how it relates to the aggregate market in both the short run and the long run.
    • The third unit analyzes short and long-run equilibrium by combining the aggregate demand, short-run aggregate supply, and long-run aggregate supply curves.
    • The topic of self-correction is examined in the fourth unit, especially how automatic shifts of the short-run aggregate supply curve can eliminate recessionary and inflationary gaps.
    • The fifth and final unit of this lesson previews the use of the aggregate market to analyze business cycle stabilization policies, with particular emphasis on the time period of adjustment.

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    MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO INVEST

    The change in business investment expenditures induced by a change in income or production (national income or gross domestic product). The marginal propensity to invest (abbreviated MPI) is another term for the slope of the investment line and is calculated as the change in investment divided by the change in income or production. The MPI plays a role in Keynesian economics. It augments the slope of the aggregate expenditures line and is part to the multiplier process. A related marginal measure is the marginal propensity to consume.

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    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store trying to buy either a rim for your spare tire or decorative celebrity figurines. Be on the lookout for jovial bank tellers.
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    General Electric is the only stock from the original 1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average remaining in the current index.
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