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May 19, 2022 

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ADJUSTMENT, SHORT-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET: Disequilibrium in the short-run aggregate market induces changes in the price level that restore equilibrium. If the price level is above the short-run equilibrium price level, economy-wide product market surpluses cause the price level to fall. If the price level is below the short-run equilibrium price level, economy-wide product market shortages cause the price level to rise. In both cases short-run equilibrium is restored. You might want to compare adjustment, long-run aggregate market. Price level changes induce changes in both aggregate expenditures and real production. Unlike the long-run aggregate market, changes in the price level can induce changes in short-run aggregate supply, making it greater or less than full-employment real production.

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INVESTMENT: The sacrifice of current benefits or rewards to pursue an activity with expectations of greater future benefits or rewards. Investment is typically used to mean the purchase of capital by business in anticipation of the profit. By increasing the quantity or quality of resources, investment is a source of economic growth. While investment, in principle is diverse, in practice, the official government measure, as reported by the Department of Commerce, includes businesses' purchases of capital and consumers' purchases of new houses.

     See also | capital | profit | consumption | resources | economic growth | infrastructure | gross private domestic investment | investment borrowing | business sector |


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INVESTMENT, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: May 19, 2022].


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LOGROLLING

The trading of votes to ensure a favorable outcome for two or more separate decisions. Logrolling occurs when each of two people agree to vote for the other's project to ensure that both are passed. A votes for B and B votes for A. Logrolling is commonly used when neither decision is able to obtain the necessary majority of the votes needed for passage on their own accord. Explicit logrolling is when each of two voters agree to cast separate votes for two separate programs. Implicit logrolling is when two separate programs or policies are combined into a single package, which is then subject to a single vote. Logrolling can generate either an efficient or an inefficient allocation of resources, meaning that efficiency is irrelevant to the logrolling process.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching for rummage sales seeking to buy either a computer that can play video games and burn DVDs or a black duffle bag with velcro closures. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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In the Middle Ages, pepper was used for bartering, and it was often more valuable and stable in value than gold.
"Perhaps the most valuable result of all education is the ability to make yourself do the thing you have to do, when it ought to be done, whether you like it or not; it is the first lesson that ought to be learned; and however early a man's training begins, it is probably the last lesson that he learns thoroughly. "

-- Thomas H. Huxley, Scientist

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