Google
Monday 
September 21, 2020 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
CHANGE IN REAL PRODUCTION: The movement along the short-run or long-run aggregate supply curve caused by a change in the price level. This should be contrasted directly with a change in aggregate supply. You might also want to review the terms change in quantity supplied and change in supply, as well. A change in real production for short-run aggregate supply actually means real production changes with a movement along a given SRAS. However, a "change in real production" for long-run aggregate supply really refers to a movement along a given LRAS curve and doesn't actually involve a change in production. A change in real production means that we have identified a NEW price level-real production combination on the existing aggregate supply curve. In contrast, a change in aggregate supply means that we have changed, moved, or shifted, the entire aggregate supply curve, the whole range of price levels and real production amounts has changed.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


MARKET-ORIENTED ECONOMY:

A mixed economy that relies heavily on markets to answer the three questions of allocation, but with a modest amount of government involvement. While it is commonly termed capitalism, the term market-oriented economy is much more descriptive of the structure of the economy. The United States is the primary example of a market-oriented economy.
A market-oriented economy takes to heart the fifth rule of imperfection. Such an economy relies predominately on the efficiency of competitive markets to allocate resources, but governments enter the fray with economic policies to address market failures, business cycles, and other problems that might arise. The United States, for example, answers about two-thirds to three-fourths of the economy's resource allocation questions with markets. The remaining one-fourth to one-third are answered by governments.

The key institutions that form the foundation of a market-oriented economy are:

  1. Private Property: Private individuals, rather than governments, are the primary owners of resources, goods, and other assets.

  2. Individual Freedom: Those who own resources, goods, and other assets have the freedom to use their property as they see fit.

  3. Competitive Markets: Market are used to exchange privately owned commodities and to answer the three questions of allocation.

These three institutions create an economic environment that provides the incentives to achieve efficiency. In a market-oriented economy, buyers and sellers have the freedom to direct their resources through competitive markets to the highest valued uses.

A market-oriented economy, however, is definitely a mixed economy. While most allocation decisions are made voluntarily through market exchanges, governments also impose choices on the economy through regulations, taxes, and spending.

Two key functions that governments provide in a market-oriented economy are:

  1. Legal System: Governments operate the legal system to establish the "rules of the game" and maintain order throughout society. Without such order individuals are discouraged from undertaking voluntary market exchanges.

  2. Public Goods: Governments provide public goods, like national defense and education, that cannot be efficiently provided through voluntary market exchanges. These goods are provided directly through taxes and spending or indirectly through regulatory oversight.

<= MARKET FOR LEMONSMARKET SHARE =>


Recommended Citation:

MARKET-ORIENTED ECONOMY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2020. [Accessed: September 21, 2020].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | capitalism | free enterprise | laissez faire | socialism | communism | market socialism |


Or For A Little Background...

     | economic system | mixed economy | economy | private sector | public sector | paternalism | fifth rule of imperfection | institution |


And For Further Study...

     | economic goals | political views | distribution standards | three questions of allocation | government functions | second economic rules | production possibilities | circular flow | business cycles | gross domestic product | unemployment | inflation |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

WHITE GULLIBON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction hoping to buy either a hepa filter for your furnace or a wall poster commemorating next Thursday. Be on the lookout for bottles of barbeque sauce that act TOO innocent.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

The penny is the only coin minted by the U.S. government in which the "face" on the head looks to the right. All others face left.
"Always remember that striving and struggle precede success, even in the dictionary. "

-- Sarah Ban Breathnach, writer

VAR
Vector Autoregression
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2020 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster