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CAPACITY UTILIZATION RATE: The ratio of actual production by business sector factories and other productive establishments in the economy to the potential production of these establishments. This rate indicates if our economy's factories are being used as effectively and as fully as possible. Like the unemployment rate, the capacity utilization rate measures how close our economy is to full employment. And like unemployment, this rate moves up and down over the course of a business cycle. During expansions, the rate is near 85 percent (considered full employment), and during contractions, it tends to be in the 70 percent range. In addition to an overall rate, there are also separate rates for manufacturing, mining, and utility industries.

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SCARCE: The general condition indicating that a good or resource is limited relative to the what people want. In terms of ALL resources and goods throughout society, the related term scarcity is used. Being scarce is what makes it possible to exchange goods and resources through markets, and most importantly, charge a price. If a good is not scarce, which means that the economy has more than enough to satisfy all available uses, then there is no way to sell it. Who would buy such an item, pay a price for it, give up something of value in exchange for it, when it is so abundant? Likewise, if a item is so abundant, using it to satisfy one use does not impose an opportunity cost on other uses.

     See also | scarcity | goods | services | resources | market | exchange | price | opportunity cost | shortage | equilibrium price | quantity demanded | quantity supplied | surplus | economic good | scarce good | scarce resource | free good | free resource |


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SCARCE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: May 21, 2024].


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MARKET

The organized exchange of commodities (goods, services, or resources) between buyers and sellers within a specific geographic area and during a given period of time. Markets are the exchange between buyers who want a good (the demand-side of the market) and the sellers who have it (the supply-side of the market).

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing through a long list of dot com websites wanting to buy either blue cotton balls or a genuine down-filled pillow. Be on the lookout for gnomes hiding in cypress trees.
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The earliest known use of paper currency was about 1270 in China during the rule of Kubla Khan.
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