March 21, 2018 

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QUOTA: A limit on the quantity of some sort of activity. Two of the more noted quotas are for employment and imports. Employment quotas have been used as a means of providing increased opportunities to blacks, hispanics, women, and other groups that have been historically subject to discrimination. Such quotas, however, tend to anger other groups, especially white males, who don't get favorable treatment. While employment or similar anti-discrimination quota systems might help address historical problems, they are not without cost. In particular, our economy's efficiency is likely to suffer if a less qualified member of an ethnic group is selected over someone who is more qualified. Import quotas have similar problems. They are one form of trade barriers that's usually intended to reduce the competition faced by a domestic producer.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: Short-Run Production
  • Making Stuff
  • Two Inputs: Fixed and Variable
  • Two Runs: Short and Long
  • Two More Runs
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Production Measures
  • Total Product
  • Average Product
  • Marginal Product
  • THE Law
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Product Curves
  • Total Product Curve
  • Average Product Curve
  • Marginal Product Curve
  • THE Law Again
  • Production Stages
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Long-Run Production
  • Making Plans
  • Returns To Scale
  • Increasing Returns To Scale
  • Decreasing Returns To Scale
  • Constant Returns To Scale
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Supply
  • A Review
  • A Preview
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home

    • The first unit of this lesson, Short-Run Production, begins our study by introducing a few basic concepts underlying production, especially short run, long run, fixed input, and variable input.
    • In the second unit, Production Measures, we take a look the three standard measures of production -- total product, average product, and marginal product.
    • The third unit, Product Curves, then presents graphical relations for these three measures -- total product curve, average product curve, and marginal product curve.
    • In the fourth unit, Long-Run Production, we examine the role returns to scale play in long-run production.
    • The fifth and final unit, Supply, then closes this lesson by previewing the importance of production to the supply decisions by firms.s

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    Having simultaneous legal "title" to a resource, good, or commodity and the ability to determine how the resource, good, or commodity is used. Ownership means that having legal title. Control means having the ability to determine use.

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