March 21, 2018 

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EQUILIBRIUM QUANTITY: The quantity exchanged between buyers and sellers when a market is in equilibrium. The equilibrium quantity is simultaneously equal to both the quantity demanded and quantity supplied, which means that there is no shortage nor surplus in the market. This is, in fact, the prime criterion for market equilibrium. If buyers are able to buy all of the good they're willing and able to buy (no shortage) and sellers are able to sell all of the good they're willing and able to sell (no surplus), then neither side of the market is inclined to change the existing terms of trade. And that's equilibrium.

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GOLD STANDARD: Use of gold as the standard for valuing a nation's currency. A gold standard can take at least three different forms, most of which have been part of the American economic landscape. (1) Gold is used as the money in circulation. (2) Gold is used to back up paper money in circulation. This involves the use of something like a gold certificate, such that the number of certificates in circulation is the same as the amount of gold stored someplace like Fort Knox. (3) Gold is used to fix the exchange price of paper currency in circulation. In this case, the currency could, in principle, be exchanged for some predetermined amount of gold. In other words, the price of gold is fixed in terms of dollars.

     See also | money | gold certificate | currency | Federal Reserve System |

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The difference between the total opportunity cost of production and the total revenue received by a firm. Economic profit is what remains after ALL opportunity cost associated with production (including a normal profit) is deducted from the revenue generated by the production. Economic profit is one of three alternative notions of profit. The other two are accounting profit and normal profit.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a garage sale wanting to buy either a rechargeable battery for your cell phone or a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Olympics. Be on the lookout for defective microphones.
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Before 1933, the U.S. dime was legal as payment only in transactions of $10 or less.
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