March 19, 2018 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
DISTRIBUTION STANDARDS: Three alternative criteria for distributing income to members of society--contributive standard, equality standard, needs standard. A basic notion in economics is that income is generated through production (circular flow). The amount of income generated each year depends on the value of goods and services produced with the economy's limited resources. But once this income is generated it must be distributed to members of society. The contributive, equality, and needs standards are the three primary criteria for distributing income.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


A decline in the inflation rate. With disinflation, prices continue rising, just not as fast. Numerically speaking, disinflation occurs if the inflation rate over three consecutive years is 10 percent, 6 percent this year, and 4 percent. Disinflation, a reduction in the inflation rate, is not the same as deflation, which is an actual decline in the price level. Should disinflation continue, presumably due to anti-inflationary monetary or fiscal policies, then the average price level might eventually decline, making the transition from disinflation to deflation.
Inflation Rate
Inflation Rate
Disinflation generally comes into popular use when inflation has been relatively high and troublesome for a period of time and people are looking for any sign of relief. As such, a decrease in the inflation rate is taken as good news. However, disinflation is actually a relatively common phenomenon associated with business cycles. As this chart of inflation rates over the past few decades illustrates, inflation invariably declines during business-cycle contractions (shaded areas).

During the contraction of the early 1990s, disinflation brought the inflation rate down from about 6 percent to just over 2 percent. An even more dramatic example of disinflation resulted from the contraction of the early 1980s. The inflation rate declined from over 14 percent to under 4 percent. In fact, this particular contraction was created with contractionary monetary policy by the Federal Reserve System with the expressed goal of reducing the high inflation rates that characterized the 1970s, that is, to achieve disinflation.


Recommended Citation:

DISINFLATION, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia,, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: March 19, 2018].

Check Out These Related Terms...

     | price level | price index | inflation | deflation | cost of living | inflation problems | inflation causes | inflation rate | Consumer Price Index | GDP price deflator |

Or For A Little Background...

     | business cycles | expansion | macroeconomics | macroeconomic goals | macroeconomic problems | production possibilities | gross domestic product | real gross domestic product | nominal gross domestic product |

And For Further Study...

     | demand-pull inflation | cost-push inflation | Producer Price Index | Wholesale Price Index | CPI and GDP price deflator | unemployment | Bureau of Labor Statistics | Bureau of Economic Analysis | National Income and Product Accounts | shortage | circular flow | stabilization policies | production cost |

Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | Bureau of Economic Analysis | Bureau of Labor Statistics |

Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time visiting every yard sale in a 30-mile radius looking to buy either a coffee cup commemorating the first day of spring or a printer that works with your stockpile of ink cartridges. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

The average length of a "business lunch" is about 36 minutes.
"Whatever course you decide upon, there is always someone to tell you that you are wrong. There are always difficulties arising which tempt you to believe that your critics are right. To map out a course of action and follow it to an end requires...courage."

-- Ralph Waldo Emerson

Securities and Futures Authority (UK)
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback

| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2018 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster