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HARD CURRENCY: Historically money that is in the form of precious metals, especially gold. In modern times, any national currency that is expected to retain its value (and even appreciate in value), and is readily acceptable for most international transactions. The U.S. dollar, German marc, and Swiss franc tend to be near the top of the list of hard currencies (also termed hard money).

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NET INTEREST:

The official item in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economics Analysis measuring interest earned by the household sector for supplying capital services. This is one of five official factor payments making up national income. The other four are compensation of employees, rental income of persons, corporate profits, and proprietors' income. Net interest is usually less than 10 percent of national income, typically in the 6 to 8 percent range.
In principle, net interest is considered payment for the productive services of capital. At first glance, this might not seem to make a great deal of sense. After all, interest is the payment for borrowing funds, is it not? Closer inspection, however, indicates that this is more reasonable than it might first appear.

The key consideration is the close, very close, connection between financial markets and capital investment.

  • First, financial markets and capital investment are two alternative and competing investment opportunities. If firms in the business sector have a little extra revenue on hand, that is retained earnings, they are likely to compare the return generated from capital investment with the return obtained through financial markets. The one with the higher return gets the investment. This competition between physical capital and financial capital investment tends to equalize the returns.

  • Second, financial markets are a primary source of funding used by the business sector to invest in capital goods. The return on capital investment, that is the profitability of capital, influences the interest rate business firms are willing to pay for borrowing funds. If capital investment generates greater profit, then the business sector is willing to pay a higher interest rate on borrowed funds.
The end result is that interest payments on loans used to finance investment in capital goods is, at least indirectly, compensation for the use of physical capital. While the lenders do not own the physical capital directly, their loans make production of the capital goods possible.

While net interest is consider a payment for the services of capital goods, it is not the only factor payment entry in National Income and Product Accounts to do so. Although rental income of persons intends to capture payment for the services of land, a portion also includes payment for the services of capital. The same can be said for corporate profits, which does not distinguish between payment for entrepreneurship and capital ownership. Likewise, proprietors' income includes factor payments for the services of capital owned by proprietors, in addition to services provided by proprietors' labor, land, and entrepreneurship.

<= NET FOREIGN FACTOR INCOMENET NATIONAL PRODUCT =>


Recommended Citation:

NET INTEREST, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: January 23, 2019].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | factor payments | compensation of employees | rental income of persons | corporate profits | proprietors' income | gross domestic income | personal income | disposable income | net domestic product |


Or For A Little Background...

     | national income | gross domestic product | gross domestic product, income | production | resource markets | financial markets | investment expenditures | investment | National Income and Product Accounts | Bureau of Economic Analysis | National Bureau of Economic Research |


And For Further Study...

     | personal income and national income | disposable income and personal income | gross domestic product, expenditures | gross domestic product, ins and outs | gross domestic product, welfare | gross national product | real gross domestic product | business cycles | circular flow | national income and gross domestic product | national income and net domestic product | unemployment | inflation |


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     | Bureau of Economic Analysis |


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