
VERIFICATION: The hypothesistesting step of the scientific method. Once an hypothesis is derived from a theory, it must be compared with real world data. This is the verification step. This verification can lead to support or refutation of the hypothesis. Enough support enables a hypothesis to become a principle. Refutation calls into question the theory implying the hypothesis.
Visit the GLOSS*arama




PRODUCTION FUNCTION: A mathematical relation between the production of a good or service and the inputs used. A production function captures the general relation between total production and one or more inputs. The standard production function includes labor and capital as the inputs. However, a production function is general enough that any number of inputs can be included A production function provides an abstract mathematical representation of the relation between the production of a good and the inputs used. A production function is usually expressed in this general form:where: Q = quantity of production or output, L = quantity of labor input, and K = quantity of capital input. The letter "f" indicates a generic, as of yet unspecified, functional equation. The analysis of shortrun production is commonly performed at the introductory level with simple tables and graphs. These are useful abstraction methods for isolating and analyzing key aspects of shortrun production. However, mathematical equations are another, often more powerful, method of abstract analysis. This is where the production function comes into play. Because a mathematical equation can extend beyond the two dimensions of a graph, it is possible to consider relations beyond just that for a variable input and total production. If the production function takes the form of a specific equation (such as Q = 5L + 10K + 2LK), then a total product curve relating total product and the variable input can be plotted. However, to do so, one of the two inputs (L or K) must be designated as a variable input and one designated as a fixed input. For most types of production, labor is more readily changed than capital, so L is generally the variable input and K is usually the fixed input. A shortrun total product curve can then be derived by "fixing" K at a particular value, then plotting the values of Q for alternative values of L. While a great deal of economic insight into shortrun production decisions of a firm and market supply curves can be analyzed with a simple graph, when economists begin using mathematical equations, such as the production function, Q = f(L, K), the possibilities are almost unlimited. A wide assortment of additional input variables can be added to this equation to make it, not only more sophisticated, but also more revealing. For example, the effect of education and human capital on production can be seen by adding the educational attainment of workers as another input variable. In addition, the alternative impact on production of different types of capital, such as fixed structures and equipment can be identified by separating capital into two variables. In addition, to identify how public infrastructure, like highways and streets, affects production, then a variable for this input can be added to the production function.
Recommended Citation:PRODUCTION FUNCTION, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 20002023. [Accessed: September 23, 2023]. Check Out These Related Terms...           Or For A Little Background...                And For Further Study...          
Search Again?
Back to the WEB*pedia



YELLOW CHIPPEROON [What's This?]
Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction trying to buy either a coffee cup commemorating next Thursday or a replacement remote control for your stereo system. Be on the lookout for high interest rates. Your Complete Scope
This isn't me! What am I?


The first paper notes printed in the United States were in denominations of 1 cent, 5 cents, 25 cents, and 50 cents.


"People of mediocre ability sometimes achieve outstanding success because they don't know when to quit. "  George Allen, U.S. senator


AFRA Average Freight Rate Assessment


Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.
User Feedback

