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February 5, 2023 

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ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE: A principle of taxation in which taxes are based on the income or resource-ownership ability of people to pay the tax. The income tax collected by our friends at the Internal Revenue Service is one of the most common taxes that seeks to abide by the ability-to-pay principle. In theory, the income tax system is set up such that people with greater incomes pay more taxes. Proportional and progressive taxes follow this ability-to-pay principle, while regressive taxes, such as sales taxes and Social Security taxes, don't.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: Buying Basics
  • The Concept
  • Demand Price
  • Quantity Demanded
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Law of Demand
  • Definition
  • Income Effect
  • Substitution Effect
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Demand Curve
  • Schedule
  • Curve
  • Space
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Determinants
  • Ceteris Paribus Factors
  • Shifters: Increase
  • Shifters: Decrease
  • Types
  • Ch...Ch...Changes
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Scarcity
  • Unlimited Wants
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Unit 6:
  • Unit 6 Summary
  • Course Home
    Demand

    This lesson on demand offers a little insight into the purchases of a wide range of goods. In fact, this demand topic is does more than offer insight into buying behavior. It's also one half of the market analysis -- the other half being supply. And market analysis is one of the most widely used tools in the study of economics. Economists explain a lot of economic phenomenon using markets. But to use markets, we need demand. And that brings us back to this lesson.

    • In the first unit of this lesson we examine the basic concept of demand. While you've likely come across the term demand before, we'll see the specific way the term is used in economics.
    • The second unit then takes a look at the law of demand, which is one of the most important and most fundamental economic principles that we'll encounter.
    • As we more on to the third unit, our attention turns to the demand curve, which is the graphical embodiment of the demand concept.
    • In the fourth unit, we examine how the five basic demand determinants cause the demand curve to shift from one location to another.
    • And finally in the fifth unit, we make a connection between demand and the fundamental problem of scarcity.

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    VERTICAL MERGER

    The consolidation of two or more separately-owned businesses, that have an input-output relation, into a single firm. This is one of three types of mergers. The other two are horizontal merger--two competing firms in the same industry that sell the same products--and conglomerate merger--two firms in separate, unrelated industries.

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    APLS

    BLUE PLACIDOLA
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a dollar discount store seeking to buy either storage boxes for your summer clothes or 500 feet of coaxial cable. Be on the lookout for florescent light bulbs that hum folk songs from the sixties.
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    This isn't me! What am I?

    Three-forths of the gold mined each year is used to manufacture jewelry.
    "Live in such a way that you would not be ashamed to sell your parrot to the town gossip."

    -- Will Rogers

    IRR
    Internal Rate of Return
    A PEDestrian's Guide
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