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July 23, 2024 

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Y-AXIS: In a graph, this is one of two lines that intersect at a right angle. This is the "vertical axis" that runs up and down.

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LAFFER CURVE: The graphical inverted-U relation between tax rates and total tax collections by government. Developed by economist Arthur Laffer, the Laffer curve formed a key theoretical foundation for supply-side economics of President Reagan during the 1980s. It is based on the notion that government collects zero revenue if the tax rate is 0% and if the tax rate is 100%. At a 100% tax rate no one has the incentive to work, produce, and earn income, so there is no income to tax. As such, the optimum tax rate, in which government revenue is maximized, lies somewhere between 0% and 100%. This generates a curve shaped like and inverted U, rising from zero to a peak, then falling back to zero. If the economy is operating to the right of the peak, then government revenue can be increased by decreasing the tax rate. This was used to justify supply-side economic policies during the Reagan Administration, especially the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Kemp-Roth Act).

     See also | taxes | supply-side economics | Kemp-Roth Act | income tax | conservative |


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BANK PANIC

An economy-wide problem in the financial sector and the banking industry that triggers an economy-wide business-cycle contraction or even depression. Bank panics were common throughout the 1800s and early 1900s, during which time they where the primary cause of business-cycle downturns. Bank panics usually involved bank runs that spread from bank to bank throughout the economy.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club looking to buy either a how-to book on fixing your computer, with illustrations or several magazines on computer software. Be on the lookout for pencil sharpeners with an attitude.
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The standard "debt" notation I.O.U. does not mean "I owe you," but actually stands for "I owe unto..."
"The greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it."

-- William James, psychologist

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