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September 22, 2018 

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DIAMOND-WATER PARADOX: The perplexing observation that water, which is more useful than diamonds, has a lower price. If price is related to utility, how can this occur? This paradox was first proposed by classical economists in the 19th century and was subsequently used as a stepping stone for developing the notion of marginal utility and the role it plays in the demand price of a good. The paradox is magically cleared up with an understanding of marginal utility and total utility. People are willing to pay a higher price for goods with greater marginal utility. As such, water which is plentiful has enormous total utility, but a low price because of a low marginal utility. Diamonds, however, have less total utility because they are less plentiful, but a high price because of a high marginal utility.

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CONTRACTIONARY MONETARY POLICY: A form of stabilization policy consisting of a decrease in the amount of money in circulation (that is, the money supply). This policy is designed to avoid or correct the problems associated with a business-cycle expansion that gets out of hand and causes inflation.

     See also | stabilization policies | business cycle | monetary policy | expansion | inflation | money supply | open market operations | discount rate |


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CONTRACTIONARY MONETARY POLICY, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: September 22, 2018].


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LAND

The naturally occurring resources used in the production of goods and services, including the land itself; the minerals and nutrients in the ground; the water, wildlife, and vegetation on the surface; and the air above. Land also includes the productive dimensions of space and accessibility. This is one of four basic categories of resources, or factors of production. The other three are labor, capital, and entrepreneurship.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a dollar discount store seeking to buy either a travel case for you toothbrush or a looseleaf notebook binder. Be on the lookout for slow moving vehicles with darkened windows.
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The earliest known use of paper currency was about 1270 in China during the rule of Kubla Khan.
"Always remember that striving and struggle precede success, even in the dictionary. "

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