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October 6, 2022 

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INFLATION CAUSES: Inflation is a persistent increase in the economy's average price level. The two basic types (or causes) of inflation: demand-pull inflation and cost-push inflation. Demand-pull inflation, as the name clearly indicates, results when economy-wide shortages are created by increases in aggregate demand. Cost-push inflation results when an economy-wide shortages are created by decreases in aggregate supply, which are so named because they are more often than not triggered by increases in production cost.

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QUOTA: A limit on the quantity of some sort of activity. Two of the more noted quotas are for employment and imports. Employment quotas have been used as a means of providing increased opportunities to blacks, hispanics, women, and other groups that have been historically subject to discrimination. Such quotas, however, tend to anger other groups, especially white males, who don't get favorable treatment. While employment or similar anti-discrimination quota systems might help address historical problems, they are not without cost. In particular, our economy's efficiency is likely to suffer if a less qualified member of an ethnic group is selected over someone who is more qualified. Import quotas have similar problems. They are one form of trade barriers that's usually intended to reduce the competition faced by a domestic producer.

     See also | employment | import | discrimination | opportunity cost | efficiency | nontariff barrier | competition | market control | price |


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OPPORTUNITY COST

The highest valued alternative foregone in the pursuit of an activity. Opportunity cost is a one of the most fundamental concepts used in the study of economics. An opportunity cost can be either explicit, usually involving a monetary payment, or implicit, which does not involve a transaction. Opportunity cost is also commonly termed economic cost.

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BLACK DISMALAPOD
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at an auction looking to buy either a replacement washer for your kitchen faucet or a stretchable, flexible watch band. Be on the lookout for deranged pelicans.
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The 22.6% decline in stock prices on October 19, 1987 was larger than the infamous 12.8% decline on October 29, 1929.
"Advice is like snow the softer it falls, the longer it dwells upon and the deeper it sinks into the mind. "

-- Samuel Taylor Coleridge, poet

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