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July 23, 2024 

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BUDGET DEFICIT: An excess of budgetary expenditures over revenues. The federal government is well known for its inclination to operate with a budget deficit. But it is not alone. Consumers also find themselves in this position on many occasions. When a budget deficit occurs, the excess spending is financed through borrowing. For the federal government this involves issuing government securities. For households it typically involves some sort of bank loan, credit card purchase, use of savings (borrowing from thyself), or hitting a friend up for a few bucks.

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SELF-CORRECTION, RECESSIONARY GAP: The automatic process through which the aggregate market achieves long-run equilibrium by eliminating a recessionary gap created by short-run equilibrium. With a recessionary gap short-run equilibrium real production is less than full-employment real production, meaning resource markets have surpluses, and in particular labor is unemployed. Self-correction is the process in which these temporary imbalances are eliminated through flexible prices as the aggregate market achieves long-run equilibrium. The key to this process is shifts of the short-run aggregate supply curve caused by changes in wages and other resource prices. The long-run result is lower wages and an increase in short-run aggregate supply.

     See also | recessionary gap | aggregate market | short-run aggregate market | long-run aggregate market | short-run aggregate supply curve | aggregate supply determinants | wage | resource prices | resource prices | self-correction, inflationary gap | self-correction, market | full employment | surplus | shortage | unemployment | contraction | business cycle |


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FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE

A committee of the Federal Reserve Board that is charged with conducting open market operations and is more generally responsible for guiding monetary policy. It is comprised of the 7 members of the Board of Governors and the Presidents of 5 Federal Reserve District Banks. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meets about eight times a years, on average every six weeks, usually on a Tuesday, to set the course of monetary policy. The Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board is also the Chairman of the FOMC. The President of the New York Federal Reserve Bank is always on this committee and is invariably selected as the Vice Chairman of the FOMC.

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APLS

ORANGE REBELOON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway trying to buy either a pair of leather sandals that won't cause blisters or clothing for your kitty cats. Be on the lookout for letters from the Internal Revenue Service.
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This isn't me! What am I?

The standard "debt" notation I.O.U. does not mean "I owe you," but actually stands for "I owe unto..."
"The greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it."

-- William James, psychologist

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Nonlinear Statistical Regression
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