Google
Thursday 
September 20, 2018 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
BUSINESS TRANSFER PAYMENTS: A payment by the business sector to the household sector without any corresponding production or expectations of production. Business transfer payments are essentially gifts, or subsidies, made to the household sector from the business sector. This is one of several key differences between national income (the resource cost of production) and gross/net domestic product (the market value of production). For further discussion of this point, see gross domestic product and national income or net domestic product and national income. business transfer payments, abbreviated BTP, tend to be quite small, invariably less than 1% of gross domestic product.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


CHANGE IN AGGREGATE EXPENDITURES:

The movement along an aggregate demand curve caused by a change in the price level. A change in aggregate expenditures is ONLY caused by a change in the price level. This is one of two changes related to aggregate demand. The other is a change in aggregate demand. A change in aggregate expenditures is comparable to a change in quantity demanded.
A change in aggregate expenditures is a movement along a given aggregate demand curve. In contrast, a change in aggregate demand is a shift in the aggregate demand curve.

To better understand the meaning of a "change in aggregate expenditures," note the difference between two similar concepts--aggregate demand and aggregate expenditures. Aggregate demand is the whole range of price levels and expenditures on real production while aggregate expenditures is the specific expenditures undertake at a specific price level. Aggregate demand is the entire aggregate demand curve, while aggregate expenditures are represented by a specific point on a given aggregate demand curve.

So what does it mean to add the phrase "change in" to aggregate demand and aggregate expenditures? A "change in" aggregate expenditures means that a NEW price level-aggregate expenditures combination has been identified on the existing aggregate demand curve. In contrast, a "change in" aggregate demand means that the entire aggregate demand curve has changed, moved, or shifted; that the whole range of price levels and aggregate expenditures have changed.

Change in Aggregate Expenditures
Change in Aggregate Expenditures

This exhibit to the right displays a standard aggregate demand curve. Two buttons are displayed beneath this graph. One, labeled [Price Level], illustrates a price level-induced change in aggregate expenditures. For comparison purposes, the other, labeled [Determinant], demonstrates a determinant-driven change in aggregate demand.

A click of the [Price Level] button triggers a movement along the aggregate demand curve. A click of the [Determinant] button triggers a shift of the aggregate demand curve, in particular, and rightward shift representing an increase in aggregate demand.

Why is this difference so important? The answer is as simple as cause and effect. The aggregate demand curve is used (together with the long-run and short-run aggregate supply curves) to explain and analyze macroeconomic events, especially business-cycle instability. The sequence of events follows a particular pattern.

  • First, a determinant (of either aggregate demand or aggregate supply) changes.

  • Second, this determinant change causes the aggregate demand curve or one of the aggregate supply curves to shift. An aggregate demand determinant change causes a shift of the aggregate demand curve and an aggregate supply determinant change causes a shift in one of the aggregate supply curves.

  • Third, the change in aggregate demand or aggregate supply causes an imbalance in the aggregate market (an economy-wide shortage or surplus). The aggregate market is in a temporary state of disequilibrium.

  • Fourth, the economy-wide shortage or surplus causes the price level to change.

  • Fifth, the change in the price level causes a change in aggregate expenditures and possibly real production.

  • Sixth, the changes in aggregate expenditures and/or real production eliminate the shortage or surplus and restore equilibrium.
The key conclusion is that aggregate demand (and aggregate supply) determinants, which induce changes in aggregate demand (and aggregate supply), are the source of instability in the aggregate market. The change in the price level, which induces a change in aggregate expenditures (and real production) is the means of eliminating the instability and restoring equilibrium.

<= CHANGE IN AGGREGATE DEMANDCHANGE IN AGGREGATE SUPPLY =>


Recommended Citation:

CHANGE IN AGGREGATE EXPENDITURES, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: September 20, 2018].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | change in aggregate demand | aggregate demand shifts | change in aggregate supply | change in real production | slope, aggregate demand curve |


Or For A Little Background...

     | aggregate demand | aggregate expenditures | aggregate demand and market demand | price level | real production | demand | market demand | change in demand | change in quantity demanded | cause and effect |


And For Further Study...

     | interest rate, aggregate demand determinant | federal deficit, aggregate demand determinant | inflationary expectations, aggregate demand determinant | money supply, aggregate demand determinant | consumer confidence, aggregate demand determinant | exchange rates, aggregate demand determinant | physical wealth, aggregate demand determinant | financial wealth, aggregate demand determinant | aggregate supply determinants | AS-AD model |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

GRAY SKITTERY
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs looking to buy either a wall poster commemorating yesterday or pink cotton balls. Be on the lookout for the last item on a shelf.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

Paper money used by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts prior to the U.S. Revolutionary War, which was issued against the dictates of Britain, was designed by patriot and silversmith, Paul Revere.
"No amount of business school training or work experience can teach what is ultimately a matter of personal character. "

-- Truett Cathy, Chick-fil-A Inc. founder

CBA
Cost Benefit Analysis
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2018 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster