Google
Monday 
August 19, 2019 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
LEGAL CLAIM: Ownership of the physical goods, services, and resources that make up the real side of the economy. Legal claims are a key feature of the paper, or financial side of the economy. Transferring legal claims is the primary method of diverting income from household saving to investment and government borrowing. Legal-claim buyers loan income and legal-claim sellers borrower income.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


MONEY SUPPLY, AGGREGATE DEMAND DETERMINANT:

One of several specific aggregate demand determinants assumed constant when the aggregate demand curve is constructed, and that shifts the aggregate demand curve when it changes. An increase in the money supply causes an increase (rightward shift) of the aggregate curve. A decrease in the money supply causes a decrease (leftward shift) of the aggregate curve. Other notable aggregate demand determinants include interest rates, inflationary expectations, and the federal deficit.
A key function of the Federal government is controlling the total amount of money circulating about the economy. Money is what the public uses to buy real production and to undertake the four aggregate expenditures--consumption expenditures, investment expenditures, government purchases, and net exports.
  • With more money, aggregate expenditures are greater.
  • With less money, aggregate expenditures are lower.
As such, changes in the money supply induces changes in aggregate demand. An increase in the money supply increases aggregate demand and a decrease in the money supply decreases aggregate demand.

Shifting the Curve
Shifting the Curve

Consider a regular, run-of-the-mill aggregate demand curve such as the one displayed here. Like all aggregate demand curves, this one is constructed based on several ceteris paribus aggregate demand determinants, such as the size of the money supply. The key question is: What happens to the aggregate demand curve if the money supply changes?

More Money

Suppose, for example, that the Federal Reserve System decides to undertake expansionary monetary policy. Fearing an impending recession on the business-cycle horizon, it decides to expand the money supply. With extra money circulating about the economy, the purchasing power of all four sectors--household, business, government, and foreign--is enhanced. Everyone is willing and able to buy more real production--at the existing price level. Consumption expenditures, investment expenditures, government purchases, even net exports, all increase, resulting in an increase in aggregate demand.

To see how an increase in the money supply affects the aggregate demand curve, click the [More Money] button. The boost in the money supply triggers an increase in aggregate demand, which is a rightward shift of the aggregate demand curve.

Less Money

Alternatively, the Federal Reserve System could decide to implement contractionary monetary policy. Fearing the onset of higher inflation, the "Fed" might decide to reduce the money supply. With less money circulating about the economy, the purchasing power of all four sectors--household, business, government, and foreign--is restricted. Everyone is willing and able to buy less real production--at the existing price level. Consumption expenditures, investment expenditures, government purchases, even net exports, all decrease, resulting in a decrease in aggregate demand.

To see how a decrease in the money supply affects the aggregate demand curve, click the [Less Money] button. The drop in the money supply triggers a decrease in aggregate demand, which is a leftward shift of the aggregate demand curve

What Does It Mean?

The importance of the money supply as an aggregate demand determinant is critical to the study of macroeconomics, especially monetary policy designed to stabilize business cycles. A frequently recommended, and often pursued, solution to business-cycle contractions is expansionary monetary policy, an increase in the money supply. Alternatively, a solution to business-cycle expansions that causes inflation is contractionary monetary policy, a decrease in the money supply.

When these policies are implemented, the aggregate demand curve shifts, which then induces changes in production, unemployment, and the price level.

Ch...Ch...Changes

Do not confuse changes in the money supply, as an aggregate demand determinant, with the real-balance effect. While both involve the money supply, they are distinct phenomena. The real-balance effect occurs because changes in the price level cause changes in aggregate expenditures and movements along the aggregate demand curve. The real-balance effect operates because A CHANGE IN THE PRICE LEVEL causes a change the purchasing power of A GIVEN MONEY SUPPLY.

By way of contrast, money supply as an aggregate demand determinant causes changes in aggregate demand and shifts of the aggregate demand curve. This determinant operates because of a change in the money supply. In comparison with the real-balance effect, the aggregate demand curve shifts because A CHANGE IN THE MONEY SUPPLY causes a change in purchasing power at A GIVEN PRICE LEVEL.

<= MONEY MULTIPLIERMONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION =>


Recommended Citation:

MONEY SUPPLY, AGGREGATE DEMAND DETERMINANT, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: August 19, 2019].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | aggregate demand determinants | interest rates, aggregate demand determinant | federal deficit, aggregate demand determinant | inflationary expectations, aggregate demand determinant | consumer confidence, aggregate demand determinant | exchange rates, aggregate demand determinant | physical wealth, aggregate demand determinant | financial wealth, aggregate demand determinant | change in aggregate demand | change in aggregate expenditures | aggregate demand shifts | slope, aggregate demand curve | aggregate supply determinants |


Or For A Little Background...

     | aggregate demand | aggregate expenditures | aggregate demand and market demand | determinants | gross domestic product | consumption expenditures | investment expenditures | government purchases | net exports | price level | real production | GDP price deflator | real gross domestic product | monetary policy | money |


And For Further Study...

     | aggregate market | aggregate market | business cycles | circular flow | Keynesian economics | monetary economics | aggregate market shocks | Federal Reserve System | real-balance effect |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

PURPLE SMARPHIN
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a going out of business sale hoping to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the 2000 Olympics or a genuine fake plastic Tiffany lamp. Be on the lookout for bottles of barbeque sauce that act TOO innocent.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

Potato chips were invented in 1853 by a irritated chef repeatedly seeking to appease the hard to please Cornelius Vanderbilt who demanded french fried potatoes that were thinner and crisper than normal.
"In a restless, creative business with an emphasis on experiment and development, ideas are the lifeblood."

-- Richard Branson, Virgin Group founder

SAS
Statistical Analysis Software
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2019 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster