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FACTOR MARKET, EFFICIENCY: A factor market achieves efficiency in the allocation of resources by equating marginal revenue product to factor price. Perfect competition, as the efficiency benchmark, is the only market structure to satisfy this criterion and achieve factor market efficiency. Monopsony, oligopsony, and monopsonistic competition are inefficient because they equate marginal revenue product to marginal factor cost, both of which are greater than factor price.

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PUBLIC GOODS: Goods that are difficult to keep nonpayers from consuming (excludability), and use of the goods by one person doesn't prevent use by others (rival consumption). Examples include national defense, a clean environment, and any fourth of July fireworks display. Public goods are invariably provided by government because there's no way a private business can profitably produce them. Private businesses can't sell public goods in markets, because they can't charge a price and keep nonpaying people away. Moreover, businesses shouldn't charge a price, because there's no opportunity cost for extra consumers. For efficiency, government needs to pay for public goods through taxes.

     See also | good types | excludability | rival consumption | efficiency | market | exchange | market failure | common-property good | near-public good | private good | free-rider problem |


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PUBLIC GOODS, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: June 27, 2022].


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AVERAGE REVENUE PRODUCT AND MARGINAL REVENUE PRODUCT

A mathematical connection between average revenue product and marginal revenue product stating that the change in the average revenue product depends on a comparison between the average revenue product and marginal revenue product. If marginal revenue product is less than average revenue product, then average revenue product declines. If marginal revenue product is greater than average revenue product, then average revenue product rises. If marginal revenue product is equal to average revenue product, then average revenue product does not change.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway hoping to buy either a package of blank rewritable CDs or yellow cotton balls. Be on the lookout for small children selling products door-to-door.
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General Electric is the only stock from the original 1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average remaining in the current index.
"It is very rare that you meet with obstacles in this world (that) the humblest man has not the faculties to surmount. "

-- Henry David Thoreau, philosopher

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