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KEYNESIAN AGGREGATE EXPENDITURE MODEL: The generic term for several graphical models used to analysis the basic components of Keynesian economics and to identify Keynesian equilibrium as the intersection of the aggregate expenditures line and the 45-degree line. Differences among the specific models are based on which sectors are included (household, business, government, and foreign) and whether expenditures are induced or autonomous.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: A Little Magic
  • Money
  • Banks
  • Money Creation
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Fred Returns
  • Review
  • Currency
  • Paper Loans
  • Money Creation
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Modern Banking
  • Fractional-Reserve Magic
  • Injection
  • Another Bank
  • Yet Another Bank
  • Total Creation
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: The Multiplier
  • The Concept
  • Reserve Ratio
  • Money Multiplier
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Policy
  • Control
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Money Creation

    The magic of money creation as practiced by private banks is the topic of this lesson. While it seems like magic, money creation is a fundamental aspect of fractional-reserve banking. As such, in this lesson we take a look at why and how banks create money (a task they would seem to be the exclusive privilege of government). This examination of money creation provides insight into how government is able to control the economy's money supply.

    • The first unit introduces the magic of money creation, as practiced by the banking system.
    • The second unit presents a hypothetical example of money creation as practiced by Fred the Goldsmith, where the money is different, but the process is comparable to modern banks.
    • The third unit of this lesson, then examines a detailed example of how the banking system goes about creating money when it has an injection of excess reserves.
    • In the fourth unit, the money creation process is summarized in terms of a deposit multiplier, which a thought or two on how this can be expanded to a money multiplier, which interests government as it seeks to control the money supply.
    • The last unit of this lesson examines the money creation process in the context of monetary policies and government control of the money supply.

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    VALUE

    The worth members of society place on a good, service, resource, commodity, or other asset, which is based on the direct or indirect satisfaction of wants and needs generated. In an economy that uses markets to exchange commodities, value is commonly indicated by price and measured by the economy's monetary unit.

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    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time touring the new suburban shopping complex looking to buy either a brown leather attache case or car battery jumper cables. Be on the lookout for spoiled cheese hiding under your bed hatching conspiracies against humanity.
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