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July 15, 2018 

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BALANCE OF PAYMENTS SURPLUS: An imbalance in a nation's balance of payments in which payments made by the country are less than payments received by the country. This is also termed a favorable balance of payments. It's considered favorable because more currency is flowing into the country than is flowing out. Such an unequal flow of currency will expand the supply of money in the nation and subsequently cause a decrease in the exchange rate relative to the currencies of other nations. This then has implications for inflation, unemployment, production, and other facets of the domestic economy. A balance of trade surplus is often the source of a balance of payments surplus, but other payments can turn a balance of trade surplus into a balance of payments deficit.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: Economics
  • Definition
  • More...
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Doing Economics
  • Science and Policy
  • The Fields
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: The Economy
  • An Economy
  • A Mixed Economy: Markets and Government
  • A Mixed Economy: The Mix
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Economic Goals
  • Economic Goals
  • Tradeoffs
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Economic Policies
  • The Concept
  • Reasons
  • Problems
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Economic Basics

    This lesson provides an introduction and overview of economics. You'll come across a number of basic concepts and terms. The full importance of these might not be apparent until later lessons, but they WILL be important. Like other lessons to come, this one is divided into five units.

    • The first unit, Economics, offers up a definition of economics and provides two useful lists -- the three questions of allocation and the seven rules of economics.
    • The second unit, Doing Economics, explores the practice of economics, including positive and normative economics, macroeconomics and microeconomics, and six common logical fallacies.
    • In the third unit, An Economy, we turn our attention to real world economies that contain a mix of markets and governments.
    • We then examine the five basic goals of a mixed economy in the fourth unit, Economic Goals, including the three macro goals of full employment, stability, and growth; and the two micro goals of efficiency and equity.
    • The fifth and final unit in this lesson, Economic Policies, considers assorted economic policies that governments use to achieve the five economic goals.

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    TAX PROPORTIONALITY

    The proportion of income paid in taxes at different levels of income. In some cases the proportion of income paid in taxes increases with income in other cases it decreases. And in still other cases, it remains the same. Tax proportionality comes in three alternatives -- proportional tax (different incomes pay the same proportion in tax), progressive tax (higher incomes pay a higher proportion in tax), and regressive (lower incomes pay a higher proportion in tax).

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    APLS

    BROWN PRAGMATOX
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    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs looking to buy either a rechargeable battery for your camera or a coffee cup commemorating the first day of spring. Be on the lookout for rusty deck screws.
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    Before 1933, the U.S. dime was legal as payment only in transactions of $10 or less.
    "The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining."

    -- John F. Kennedy, 35th U. S. president

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