March 21, 2018 

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MARGINAL REVENUE PRODUCT AND FACTOR DEMAND: A perfectly competitive firm's factor demand curve is that negatively-sloped portion of its marginal revenue product curve. A perfectly competitive firm maximizes profit by hiring the quantity of input that equates factor price and marginal revenue product. As such, the firm moves along its negatively-sloped marginal revenue product curve in response to changing factor prices.

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IBT: The abbreviation for indirect business taxes, which is the official entry in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis for sales taxes. Indirect business taxes are one key difference between national income (the resource cost of production) and gross/net domestic product (the market value of production). For further discussion of this point, see gross domestic product and national income or net domestic product and national income. Indirect business taxes is generally less than 10% of gross domestic product (7-8% is common).

     See also | national income | net domestic product | gross domestic product | National Income and Product Accounts | Bureau of Economic Analysis | sales tax | business sector | government sector | household sector | tax incidence | corporate income tax | property tax |

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A change in the allocation of resources caused by placing taxes on economic activity. By creating disincentives to produce, consume, or exchange, taxes generally alter resource allocations. The allocation effect is typically used when governments seek to discourage the production, consumption, or exchange of particular goods or activities that are deemed undesirable (such as tobacco use or pollution). This is one of two effects of taxation. The other (primary) is the revenue effect, which is the generation of revenue used to finance government operations.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction wanting to buy either galvanized steel storage shelves or a large green chalkboard shaped like the state of Maine. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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One of the largest markets for gold in the United States is the manufacturing of class rings.
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