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February 19, 2018 

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EURO: The denomination of the so-called single currency that is designed to integrate economic and monetary policies for the European Union. The euro will contain paper currency (banknotes) and metal coins and will replace the European Currency Unit that is presently used for commercial and financial transactions. While that plans are to introduce this single currency with paper and coins in 2002, no one knows for sure if the euro will completely replace national currencies (British pound, French franc, etc.) for transactions within each nation. The paper currency will come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 euros and the metal coins will come in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents, as well as 1 euro and 2 euros.

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COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE: The ability to produced one good at a relatively lower opportunity cost than other goods. While pointy-headed economists developed this idea for nations, it's extremely important for people. A comparative advantage means that no matter how good (or bad) you are at producing stuff, there's always something that you're best (or least worst) at doing. Moreover, because you can produce this one thing by giving up less than what others give up, you can sell it or trade it to them. This idea of comparative advantage means that people and nations can benefit by specialization and exchange. You do what you do best, then trade to someone else for what they do best. Both sides in this trade get more and are thus better off after than before.

     See also | foreign trade | export | import | opportunity cost | specialization | absolute advantage | foreign sector | exchange |


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COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: February 19, 2018].


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CONCENTRATION RATIOS

A family of measures of the proportion of total output in an industry that is produced by a given number of the largest firms in the industry. The two most common concentration ratios are for the four largest firms and the eight largest firms. The four-firm concentration ratio is the proportion of total output produced by the four largest firms in the industry and the eight-firm concentration ratio is proportion of total output produced by the eight largest firms in the industry. Concentration ratios are commonly used to indicate the degree to which an industry is oligopolistic and the extent of market control of the largest firms in the industry. A related measure is the Herfindahl index.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a garage sale seeking to buy either 500 feet of telephone cable or a package of 4 by 6 index cards, the ones with lines. Be on the lookout for attractive cable television service repair people.
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