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December 8, 2022 

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AS-AD MODEL: An economic model relating the price level and real production that is used to analyze business cycles, gross domestic product, unemployment, inflation, stabilization policies, and related macroeconomic phenomena. The AS-AD model, inspired by the standard market model, captures the interaction between aggregate demand (the buyers) and short-run and long-run aggregate supply (the sellers).

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DIAMOND-WATER PARADOX: The perplexing observation that water, which is more useful than diamonds, has a lower price. If price is related to utility, how can this occur? This paradox was first proposed by classical economists in the 19th century and was subsequently used as a stepping stone for developing the notion of marginal utility and the role it plays in the demand price of a good. The paradox is magically cleared up with an understanding of marginal utility and total utility. People are willing to pay a higher price for goods with greater marginal utility. As such, water which is plentiful has enormous total utility, but a low price because of a low marginal utility. Diamonds, however, have less total utility because they are less plentiful, but a high price because of a high marginal utility.

     See also | price | demand price | utility | marginal utility | total utility | consumer surplus | law of diminishing marginal utility | marginal utility-price ratio | marginal utility and demand |


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PARTNERSHIP

A business that is owned and operated by two or more people. The owners and the business are legally considered one and the same. As such, the owners receive any and all profit, incur any and all loss, and are responsible for any and all debts including those made by a partner. This creates what is termed unlimited liability. In that each partner is responsible for the actions of the others, partnerships tend to be relatively small, with only a handful of people involved. A partnership is one of the three basic forms of business organization. The other two are proprietorship and corporation. This form of business is common for professional-types, like lawyers, accountants, dentists, and physicians.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching the shopping channel hoping to buy either a black duffle bag with velcro closures or any book written by Isaac Asimov. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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Only 1% of the U.S. population paid income taxes when the income tax was established in 1914.
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