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July 23, 2016 

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SAVING FUNCTION: The positive relation between household saving and household disposable income. The saving function is commonly presented as the saving line or propensity-to-saving line. The slope of this line is the marginal propensity to save, which is the proportion of any additional income used for saving. The saving function and the marginal propensity to saving play key roles in the multiplier and accelerator concepts. Because consumption is the difference between disposable income and saving, the consumption function is a complementary relation to the saving function.

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EXTERNALITIES: Costs or benefits that are not included in the market price of a good because they are not included in the supply price or the demand price. Pollution is an example of an externality cost if producers aren't the ones who suffer from pollution damages. Education is an example of an externality benefit when members of society other than students benefit from a more educated population. Externality is one type of market failure that causes inefficiency.

     See also | opportunity cost | market | supply price | demand price | market failure | efficiency | pollution | materials balance | good types | Pigouvian tax | Coase theorem |


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EXTERNALITIES, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2016. [Accessed: July 23, 2016].


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SIGNALLING

When confronted by asymmetric information, the use of small bits of information, or indicators, that suggest more comprehensive information. Signalling is used by those with more information to reduce the cost of informing those with less information. It is commonly used in markets with adverse selection. Methods of signalling include advertising, brand names, and warranties. A related method is screening.

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APLS

State of the ECONOMY

GDP
Fourth Quarter 2015
$18,060 Billion (Annual Rate) Source: BEA
Up 0.7% , 2.4% for 2015

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WHITE GULLIBON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center seeking to buy either a how-to book on building remote controlled airplanes or an extra large beach blanket. Be on the lookout for broken fingernail clippers.
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This isn't me! What am I?

It's estimated that the U.S. economy has about $20 million of counterfeit currency in circulation, less than 0.001 perecent of the total legal currency.
"The greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it."

-- William James, psychologist

AEA
American Economic Association
A PEDestrian's Guide
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