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August 21, 2019 

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BANK FOR INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS: The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international organization which fosters cooperation among central banks and other agencies in pursuit of monetary and financial stability. Established in 1930, the BIS is the world's oldest international financial organization. The head office is in Basel, Switzerland and there are two representative offices: in the Hong Kong, China and in Mexico City. As its customers are central banks, the BIS cannot accept deposits from, or provide financial services to, private individuals or corporate entities.

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FIAT MONEY: A medium of exchange (money) with value in exchange, but little or no value in use. Modern paper currency, coins, and checkable deposits are fiat money. The value of fiat money comes from the public's general willingness to accept it in exchange for other goods. This willingness comes from the fact that EVERYONE is willing to accept fiat money in exchange, which largely depends on the public's confidence in the authority (usually government) issuing the fiat money. Fiat money is NOT valuable unto itself, but it is valuable for what it can buy.

     See also | money | medium of exchange | commodity money | value in use | value in exchange | barter | money functions | money characteristics | monetary policy | currency | Federal Reserve note | gold certificate | silver certificate |


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FIAT MONEY, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: August 21, 2019].


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PUBLIC CHOICE

The study of collective decisions made by groups of individuals, especially those decisions made by government organizations. As the name suggests, public choice is primarily the study of how choices (decisions) are made by the public (government) sector. Such choices are made, in principle, on behalf of the public or all members of society, to correct market failures or imperfections in the private sector. However, in that the world is imperfect on all fronts, the government sector also comes up short in many cases, with inefficient imperfections due to election seeking politicians, ignorant and abstaining voters, special interest groups, and government bureaucracies.

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WHITE GULLIBON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching infomercials looking to buy either a rechargeable battery for your camera or a coffee cup commemorating the first day of spring. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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This isn't me! What am I?

The standard "debt" notation I.O.U. does not mean "I owe you," but actually stands for "I owe unto..."
"Success is going from failure to failure without a loss of enthusiasm. "

-- Winston Churchill, British statesman

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Journal of Financial Economics
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