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July 18, 2018 

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DIAMOND-WATER PARADOX: The perplexing observation that water, which is more useful than diamonds, has a lower price. If price is related to utility, how can this occur? This paradox was first proposed by classical economists in the 19th century and was subsequently used as a stepping stone for developing the notion of marginal utility and the role it plays in the demand price of a good. The paradox is magically cleared up with an understanding of marginal utility and total utility. People are willing to pay a higher price for goods with greater marginal utility. As such, water which is plentiful has enormous total utility, but a low price because of a low marginal utility. Diamonds, however, have less total utility because they are less plentiful, but a high price because of a high marginal utility.

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OPEN ECONOMY: An economy with a great deal of foreign trade. At the extreme, a completely open economy is one that has no trade barriers. Most of the world's hundred-plus nations are relatively open, but much less than they could be because of a wide assortment of trade restrictions. The more an economy is open, the more dependent it is on happenings around the world.

     See also | foreign | foreign trade | trade barriers | closed economy | exports | imports | balance of trade | exchange rate |


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AGGREGATE MARKET

An economic model relating the price level and real production that is used to analyze business cycles, gross production, unemployment, inflation, stabilization policies, and related macroeconomic phenomena. The aggregate market, inspired by the standard market model, but adapted to the macroeconomy, captures the interaction between aggregate demand (the buyers) and short-run and long-run aggregate supply (the sellers). Also known by the names AS-AD model or income-price model, the aggregate market is THE cornerstone model of macroeconomic analysis.

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ORANGE REBELOON
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time wandering around the downtown area trying to buy either shoe laces for your snow boots or a rim for your spare tire. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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One of the largest markets for gold in the United States is the manufacturing of class rings.
"A winner is someone who recognizes his God-given talents, works his tail off to develop them into skills, and uses those skills to accomplish his goals. "

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Bank of Japan
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