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June 20, 2018 

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EXCESS CAPACITY: A condition that exists when monopolistic competition achieves long-run equilibrium such that production by each firm is less than minimum efficient scale. The implication of this condition is that each firm is not producing up to its fullest capacity, as would be the case under perfect competition, and thus more firms are need to produce total market output compared to perfect competition. Excess capacity results because market control means a monopolistically competitive firm faces a negatively-sloped demand curve. Long-run equilibrium is thus achieved by the tangency of the negatively-sloped demand curve and the long-run average cost curve, which results in economies to scale.

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PERFECT COMPETITION AND EFFICIENCY: Perfect competition is the idealized market structure that achieves an efficient allocation of resources. The conditions of perfect competition, including (1) large number of small firms, (2) identical products sold by all firms, (3) freedom of entry into and exit out of the industry, and (4) perfect knowledge of prices and technology, ensure that perfect competition efficiently allocates resources. This is in fact the purpose of perfect competition: a market structure that illustrates perfection, the best of all possible resource allocation worlds. The real world falls short of this perfection.

     See also | perfect competition | efficiency | market structure | resource allocation | imperfect competition | monopoly | oligopoly | monopolistic competition |


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PERFECT COMPETITION AND EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: June 20, 2018].


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ECONOMIC GROWTH

The long-run expansion of the economy's ability to produce output. Growth is attained by increasing the quantity or quality of the economy's resources--labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship--through such things as population growth, investment, exploration, technological innovation, and education. This is one of the five economic goals and more specifically one of the three macroeconomic goals. The other goals are full employment, stability, efficiency and equity.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing through a long list of dot com websites trying to buy either a replacement nozzle for your shower or a decorative windchime with plastic . Be on the lookout for telephone calls from former employers.
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General Electric is the only stock from the original 1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average remaining in the current index.
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