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TR: The abbreviation for total revenue, which is the revenue received by a firm for the sale of its output. Total revenue is one of two parts a firm needs for the calculation of economic profit, the other is total cost. In general, total revenue is the price received for selling a good times the quantity of the good sold at that price. For a perfectly competitive firm, which receives a single unchanging price for all output sold, the calculation is relatively easy. For other real world firms, that charge different prices to different buyers for different quantities, the calculation can be more complex.

Total revenue is very important in the analysis a firm's short-run production decision. Two other revenue measures directly related to total cost are average revenue and marginal revenue. Total revenue is often depicting as the total revenue curve. For a perfectly competitive firm, the total revenue curve is a straight line from the origin. For a monopoly, oligopoly, or monopolistically competitive firm, the total revenue curve is "hump-shaped," increasing at a decreasing rate, reaching a peak, then declining.

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MONOPOLY: A market structure characterized by a single seller of a unique product with no close substitutes. This is one of four basic market structures. The other three are perfect competition, oligopoly, and monopolistic competition. As the single seller of a unique good with no close substitutes, a monopoly firm essentially has no competition. The demand for a monopoly firm's output is THE market demand. This gives the firm extensive market control--the ability to control the price and/or quantity of the good sold--making a monopoly firm a price maker. However, while a monopoly can control the market price, it can not charge more than the maximum demand price that buyers are willing to pay.

     See also | market structure | perfect competition | oligopoly | monopolistic competition | market control | price maker | marginal cost | demand curve | market failure | monopoly characteristics | monopoly and demand | monopoly and efficiency | monopoly profit | monopoly and perfect competition | monopsony | natural monopoly | inefficiency |


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MONOPOLY, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2015. [Accessed: May 25, 2015].


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REAL-BALANCE EFFECT

A change in aggregate expenditures on real production made by the household, business, government, and foreign sectors that results because a change in the price level alters the purchasing power of money. This is one of three effects underlying the negative slope of the aggregate demand curve associated with a movement along the aggregate demand curve and a change in aggregate expenditures. The other two are interest-rate effect and net-export effect. The real-balance effect is somewhat analogous to the income effect underlying the negative slope of the market demand curve.

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Producer Price Index Final Demand
February 2015
109.4
Down 0.5% from January 2015 Soure: BLS.gov

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