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INCREASING-COST INDUSTRY: A perfectly competitive industry with a positively-sloped long-run industry supply curve that results because expansion of the industry causes higher production cost and resource prices. For an increasing-cost industry the entry of new firms, prompted by an increase in demand, causes the long-run average supply curve of each firm to shift upward, which increases the minimum efficient scale of production.

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AVERAGE PRODUCT CURVE:

A curve that graphically illustrates the relation between average product and the quantity of the variable input, holding all other inputs fixed. This curve indicates the per unit output at each level of the variable input. The average product curve is one of three related curves used in the analysis of the short-run production of a firm. The other two are total product curve and marginal product curve.
The average product curve illustrates how average product is related to a variable input. While the standard analysis of short-run production relates average product to labor, an average product curve can be constructed for any variable input.

Average Product Curve
Average Product Curve
The diagram to the right graphically represents the relation between average product and the variable input. This particular curve is derived from the hourly production of Super Deluxe TexMex Gargantuan Tacos (with sour cream and jalapeno peppers) as Waldo's TexMex Taco World restaurant employs additional workers. The number of workers, measured on the horizontal axis, ranges from 0 to 10 and the average Gargantuan Taco production per worker, measured on the vertical axis, ranges from 0 to 25.

The shape of this average product curve is worth noting. For the first two workers of variable input, average product increases. This is reflected in a positive slope of the average product curve. After the third worker, the average product declines. This is seen as a negative slope. While average product continues to decline, it never reaches zero nor becomes negative. To do so would require total product to become zero and negative, which just does not happen.

The hump-shape of the average product curve indirectly results from increasing and decreasing marginal returns. The upward-sloping portion of the average product curve, up to the second worker, is indirectly due to increasing marginal returns. The downward-sloping portion of the average product curve, after the third worker, is indirectly due to decreasing marginal returns. and the law of diminishing marginal returns.

<= AVERAGE PRODUCT AND MARGINAL PRODUCTAVERAGE PROPENSITY TO CONSUME =>


Recommended Citation:

AVERAGE PRODUCT CURVE, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: December 12, 2019].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | total product | marginal product | average product | total product curve | marginal product curve | production function | law of diminishing marginal returns | marginal returns | production stages |


Or For A Little Background...

     | short-run production analysis | production | production cost | variables | labor | capital | supply | principle | business | economic analysis | marginal analysis | factors of production | microeconomics |


And For Further Study...

     | long-run production analysis | production possibilities | production inputs | production time periods | total product and marginal product | total product and average product | average product and marginal product |


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