
NOBEL PRIZE IN ECONOMIC SCIENCES: An award given annually since 1969 to an economist or scholar in recognition of a major contribution to the study of economics. It was established by the Bank of Sweden and is annually awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. The official name of the award is The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. It is the only Nobel Prize awarded for a social science. The first Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded in 1969 to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen.
Visit the GLOSS*arama




DERIVATION, PRODUCTION POSSIBILITIES CURVE: A production possibilities curve, which illustrates the alternative combinations of two goods that an economy can produce with given resources and technology, is often derived from a production possibilities schedule. This derivation involves plotting each bundle from the production possibilities schedule as a point in a diagram measuring the two goods on the vertical and horizontal axes. Plotting a production possibilities curve from a production possibilities schedule provides useful insight into graphical analysis commonly used throughout the study of economics.The Plotting SpacePlotting Space 

 The first step in the derivation of a production possibilities curve is to set up the plotting space.  Each bundle in the production possibilities schedule is a combination of two numbers that can be represented by a point in twodimensional production possibilities space.
 The two dimensions of the plotting space displayed here are storage sheds on the horizontal axis and crab puffs on the vertical axis.
 The horizontal axis is measured between 0 and 11 storage sheds.
 The vertical axis is measured between 0 and 500 dozen crab puffs.
 The two axes are joined at the origin.
The mouse arrow can be used to display the various components of the production possibilities plotting space.Plotting the PointsThe next step in converting the production possibilities schedule on the left to the graph on the right is to plot points corresponding to each bundle of sheds and crab puffs into the plotting space.
Production Possibilities Schedule  Production Possibilities Curve 

  
 Bundle A: The first bundle in the schedule (A) consists of 0 sheds and 450 dozen crab puffs. This point can be plotted by finding 0 sheds on the horizontal axis then moving up until the value of 450 dozen crab puffs is reached on the vertical axis. Click the [Plot A] button to identify this point.
 Bundle B: The second bundle in the schedule (B) is 1 shed and 445 dozen crab puffs. This point can be similarly plotted by finding 1 shed on the horizontal axis then moving up until the value of 445 dozen crab puffs is reached on the vertical axis. Click the [Plot B] button to identify this point.
 The Rest: All remaining points can be plotted in a similar fashion. To illustrate this click the [Plot All] button. The third bundle and corresponding point (C) is 2 sheds and 437 dozen crab puffs. The fourth bundle and point (D) is 3 sheds and 425 dozen crab puffs. The plotting continues until reaching the last bundle and point (K), which is 10 sheds and 0 crab puffs.
 The end result of plotting all 11 points is a semicircular pattern. The pattern of points has a general downward "slope." This indicates the essential tradeoff between the production of sheds and crab puffs. These points represent the "skeleton" of what is called a production possibilities curve.
Connecting the PointsConnecting the Points 

 The last step in the derivation of the production possibilities curve is to connect the points with a continuous line. The eleven points are only a few of an unlimited number of production alternatives. The line that connects these 11 points includes the other possibilities, an infinite number of production possibilities.  To connect the points, click the [Draw] button in the exhibit to the right. This draws a straight line between each pair of adjacent points.
 However, the actual curve is not a series of jagged line segments, but a smooth curve. To smooth this curve, click the [Smooth] button.
 The curve is termed the production possibilities curve or the production possibilities frontier.
Recommended Citation:DERIVATION, PRODUCTION POSSIBILITIES CURVE, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 20002022. [Accessed: December 7, 2022]. Check Out These Related Terms...          Or For A Little Background...           And For Further Study...             
Search Again?
Back to the WEB*pedia



PINK FADFLY [What's This?]
Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time surfing the Internet looking to buy either a Tshirt commemorating the second moon landing or a coffee cup commemorating Thor Heyerdahl's Pacific crossing aboard the KonTiki. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room. Your Complete Scope
This isn't me! What am I?


The penny is the only coin minted by the U.S. government in which the "face" on the head looks to the right. All others face left.


"Use, do not abuse; neither abstinence nor excess ever renders man happy."  Voltaire, philosopher


P/E PriceEarnings Ratio


Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.
User Feedback

