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November 28, 2020 

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ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE: A principle of taxation in which taxes are based on the income or resource-ownership ability of people to pay the tax. The income tax collected by our friends at the Internal Revenue Service is one of the most common taxes that seeks to abide by the ability-to-pay principle. In theory, the income tax system is set up such that people with greater incomes pay more taxes. Proportional and progressive taxes follow this ability-to-pay principle, while regressive taxes, such as sales taxes and Social Security taxes, don't.

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ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY:

Obtaining the most consumer satisfaction from available resources. In other words, resources are allocated in such a way that consumer satisfaction is at its highest possible level. This is also termed either efficiency or allocative efficiency.
Economic efficiency means the economy is doing the best job possible of satisfying unlimited wants and needs with limited resources--that is, of addressing the problem of scarcity. To achieve economic efficiency, however, the economy must first achieve technical efficiency. Technical efficiency means that society is getting the most production from available resources. There is no waste in the production process.

Economic efficiency, however, means that this technically efficient production is also useful to or valued by people. While technical efficiency might be achieved in the production of purple spotted stuffed animals, economic efficiency is not achieved if no one actually wants purple spotted stuffed animals and they remain stored in a big purple warehouse.

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Recommended Citation:

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2020. [Accessed: November 28, 2020].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | efficiency | technical efficiency | consumer sovereignty | satisfaction | production | full employment |


Or For A Little Background...

     | allocation | resource allocation | scarcity | limited resources | unlimited wants and needs | economic goals | factors of production | economic thinking |


And For Further Study...

     | distribution standards | economic system | seven economic rules | production possibilities | three questions of allocation | competitive market | minimum efficient scale | market efficiency | rule of consumer equilibrium |


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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store wanting to buy either a handcrafted bird feeder or a New York Yankees baseball cap. Be on the lookout for neighborhood pets, especially belligerent parrots.
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North Carolina supplied all the domestic gold coined for currency by the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia until 1828.
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