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March 3, 2021 

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ACCOUNTING COST: The actual outlays or expenses incurred in production that shows up a firm's accounting statements or records. Accounting costs, while very important to accountants, company CEOs, shareholders, and the Internal Revenue Service, is only minimally important to economists. The reason is that economists are primarily interested in economic cost (also called opportunity cost). That fact is that accounting costs and economic costs aren't always the same. An opportunity or economic cost is the value of foregone production. Some economic costs, actually a lot of economic opportunity costs, never show up as accounting costs. Moreover, some accounting costs, while legal, bonified payments by a firm, are not associated with any sort of opportunity cost.

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ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY:

Obtaining the most consumer satisfaction from available resources. In other words, resources are allocated in such a way that consumer satisfaction is at its highest possible level. This is also termed either efficiency or allocative efficiency.
Economic efficiency means the economy is doing the best job possible of satisfying unlimited wants and needs with limited resources--that is, of addressing the problem of scarcity. To achieve economic efficiency, however, the economy must first achieve technical efficiency. Technical efficiency means that society is getting the most production from available resources. There is no waste in the production process.

Economic efficiency, however, means that this technically efficient production is also useful to or valued by people. While technical efficiency might be achieved in the production of purple spotted stuffed animals, economic efficiency is not achieved if no one actually wants purple spotted stuffed animals and they remain stored in a big purple warehouse.

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Recommended Citation:

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2021. [Accessed: March 3, 2021].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | efficiency | technical efficiency | consumer sovereignty | satisfaction | production | full employment |


Or For A Little Background...

     | allocation | resource allocation | scarcity | limited resources | unlimited wants and needs | economic goals | factors of production | economic thinking |


And For Further Study...

     | distribution standards | economic system | seven economic rules | production possibilities | three questions of allocation | competitive market | minimum efficient scale | market efficiency | rule of consumer equilibrium |


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