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September 25, 2018 

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MARKET FAILURE: A condition in which a market does not efficiently allocate resources to achieve the greatest possible consumer satisfaction. The four main market failures are--(1) public good, (2) market control, (3) externality, and (4) imperfect information. In each case, a market acting without any government imposed direction, does not direct an efficient amount of our resources into the production, distribution, or consumption of the good.

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ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY:

Obtaining the most consumer satisfaction from available resources. In other words, resources are allocated in such a way that consumer satisfaction is at its highest possible level. This is also termed either efficiency or allocative efficiency.
Economic efficiency means the economy is doing the best job possible of satisfying unlimited wants and needs with limited resources--that is, of addressing the problem of scarcity. To achieve economic efficiency, however, the economy must first achieve technical efficiency. Technical efficiency means that society is getting the most production from available resources. There is no waste in the production process.

Economic efficiency, however, means that this technically efficient production is also useful to or valued by people. While technical efficiency might be achieved in the production of purple spotted stuffed animals, economic efficiency is not achieved if no one actually wants purple spotted stuffed animals and they remain stored in a big purple warehouse.

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Recommended Citation:

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: September 25, 2018].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | efficiency | technical efficiency | consumer sovereignty | satisfaction | production | full employment |


Or For A Little Background...

     | allocation | resource allocation | scarcity | limited resources | unlimited wants and needs | economic goals | factors of production | economic thinking |


And For Further Study...

     | distribution standards | economic system | seven economic rules | production possibilities | three questions of allocation | competitive market | minimum efficient scale | market efficiency | rule of consumer equilibrium |


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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center wanting to buy either hand lotion, a big bottle of hand lotion or a lighted magnifying glass. Be on the lookout for malfunctioning pocket calculators.
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