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June 17, 2018 

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BACKWARD-BENDING LABOR SUPPLY CURVE: A labor supply curve that is positively-sloped for relatively small quantities of labor and negatively-sloped for relatively large quantities of labor. In other words, workers supply larger quantities of labor in response to a higher wage when the wage is relatively low. However, when the wage reaches a relatively high level, further increases in the wage entice workers to reduce the quantity supplied. The supply curve thus bends back on itself. The reason for the negatively-sloped, backward-bending segment rests with the tradeoff between labor and leisure. Workers decide to "spend" a portion of their higher wage "buying" more leisure time, and thus working less. The end result is that the higher wage decreases the quantity of labor supplied.

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ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY:

Obtaining the most consumer satisfaction from available resources. In other words, resources are allocated in such a way that consumer satisfaction is at its highest possible level. This is also termed either efficiency or allocative efficiency.
Economic efficiency means the economy is doing the best job possible of satisfying unlimited wants and needs with limited resources--that is, of addressing the problem of scarcity. To achieve economic efficiency, however, the economy must first achieve technical efficiency. Technical efficiency means that society is getting the most production from available resources. There is no waste in the production process.

Economic efficiency, however, means that this technically efficient production is also useful to or valued by people. While technical efficiency might be achieved in the production of purple spotted stuffed animals, economic efficiency is not achieved if no one actually wants purple spotted stuffed animals and they remain stored in a big purple warehouse.

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Recommended Citation:

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: June 17, 2018].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | efficiency | technical efficiency | consumer sovereignty | satisfaction | production | full employment |


Or For A Little Background...

     | allocation | resource allocation | scarcity | limited resources | unlimited wants and needs | economic goals | factors of production | economic thinking |


And For Further Study...

     | distribution standards | economic system | seven economic rules | production possibilities | three questions of allocation | competitive market | minimum efficient scale | market efficiency | rule of consumer equilibrium |


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