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PARETO EFFICIENCY: A type of efficiency that results if one person can not be made better off without making someone else worse off. Named after Vilfredo Pareto, this criterion is the guiding theoretical notion of efficiency used in the study of economics, especially welfare economics. Pareto efficiency is generally not attained if some resources are idle or unemployed. By engaging idle resources in production, some people can have more production without reducing that available to others. A problem with Pareto efficiency, however, is that it is based on the existing distribution of income and wealth. This is one of two noted efficiency criteria used in economics. The other is Kaldor-Hicks efficiency.

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NONDURABLE GOODS, CONSUMPTION:

Personal consumption expenditures on tangible goods that tend to last for less than a year. Common examples are food, clothing, and gasoline. This is one of three categories of personal consumption expenditures in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The other two are durable goods and services. Nondurable goods are about 30 percent of personal consumption expenditures and 20 percent of gross domestic product.
Nondurable goods are consumption goods purchased by the household sector that generally have a useful, satisfaction-providing existence of shorter than a year. Household expenditures on nondurable goods are generally unaffected by business cycles. In good times and bad, the household sector continues to purchase nondurable goods at a relatively constant pace.

The three main subcategories of nondurable goods in the National Income and Product Accounts are "food," "clothing and shoes," and "gasoline and oil." Food, as might be expected is half of the nondurable goods expenditures. Clothing and shoes constitute about 18 percent and gasoline and oil comes in at about 7 percent of nondurable goods expenditures. The remaining 25 percent of nondurable goods purchased by the household sector includes "fuel oil and coal" (less than 1 percent) and a handy catch-all "other" category (which is the bulk of the remaining 25 percent).

These categories are straightforward and do not require much explanation. The "food" entry is obviously food, "clothing and shoes" is, well, clothing and shoes, and "gasoline and oil" is gasoline and oil. The "other" category includes any nondurable good not classified elsewhere, including such things as pencils, newspapers, shampoo, and plastic picnic spoons.

<= NOMINAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCTNONPAYER EXCLUDABILITY =>


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NONDURABLE GOODS, CONSUMPTION, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: January 16, 2019].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | durable goods, consumption | services, consumption | gross private domestic investment | government consumption expenditures and gross investment | net exports of goods and services | fixed investment | change in private inventories |


Or For A Little Background...

     | personal consumption expenditures | gross domestic product, expenditures | consumption | consumption expenditures | household sector | gross domestic product | production | product markets | National Income and Product Accounts | Bureau of Economic Analysis | National Bureau of Economic Research |


And For Further Study...

     | macroeconomic sectors | circular flow | business cycles | gross domestic product, ins and outs | gross domestic product, income | gross domestic product, welfare | net domestic product | national income | personal income | disposable income | gross national product | real gross domestic product | saving | unemployment | inflation |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | Bureau of Economic Analysis |


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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store seeking to buy either looseleaf notebook paper or a three-hole paper punch. Be on the lookout for letters from the Internal Revenue Service.
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Potato chips were invented in 1853 by a irritated chef repeatedly seeking to appease the hard to please Cornelius Vanderbilt who demanded french fried potatoes that were thinner and crisper than normal.
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