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January 22, 2018 

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PRICE: An asset or item voluntarily exchanged in a market transaction for another asset or item. This item or asset is usually, but not necessarily, money. A barter transaction occurs if money is NOT one of the assets or items exchanged. In a standard market diagram, price is displayed on the vertical axis. Price takes on several specific roles in the functioning of a market. On the demand side, the price reflects the willingness and ability of the buyers to purchase a product which is based on the satisfaction received (the demand price). On the supply side, the price reflects the opportunity cost of production (the supply price). Also the variable in the marketing mix where the organization establishes product positioning objectives. These could be low end to capture more market share or high end to differentiate based on perceived product quality and scarcity. Pricing is based on market research to establish what customer wants and needs are in exchange for valued compensation, typically money or bartering.

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TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY:

Obtaining the greatest possible production of goods and services from available resources. In other words, resources are not wasted in the production process. This is also considered as engineering efficiency and should be contrasted with economic or allocative efficiency.
Technical efficiency means that natural resources are transformed into goods and services without waste, that producers are doing the best job possible of combining resources to make goods and services. There is no waste of material inputs. There are no workers standing idly around waiting for spare parts. The maximum amount of physical production is obtained from the given resource inputs. In essence, production is achieved at the lowest possible opportunity cost.

Technical efficiency is a prerequisite for allocative or economic efficiency. Economic efficiency is achieved if the highest possible level of satisfaction is obtained from given resources. Because satisfaction is derived from consuming goods and services, economic efficiency requires the greatest possible level of production, that is, technical efficiency.

However, while technical efficiency is necessary for economic efficiency, it does not guarantee economic efficiency. While technical efficiency might be achieved in the production of purple spotted stuffed animals, allocative efficiency is not achieved if no one actually wants purple spotted stuffed animals and they remain stored in a big purple warehouse.

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Recommended Citation:

TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: January 22, 2018].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | production possibilities | technology | production | efficiency | economic efficiency | consumer sovereignty | satisfaction | full employment | opportunity cost |


Or For A Little Background...

     | good | service | allocation | resource allocation | scarcity | limited resources | unlimited wants and needs | economic goals | factors of production | economic thinking |


And For Further Study...

     | distribution standards | economic system | seven economic rules | three questions of allocation |


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