Google
Sunday 
February 25, 2018 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
ALLOCATION EFFECT: The goal of imposing taxes to change the allocation of resources, that is, to discourage the production, consumption, or exchange or one type of good usually in favor of another. This is one of two reasons that governments impose taxes. The other reason is the revenue effect. Because people would rather not pay taxes, taxes create disincentives to produce, consume, and exchange. If society deems that less of a particular good, such as alcohol, pollution, or cigarettes are "bad," then a tax can reduce its production and consumption, and thus change the allocation of resources.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


TOTAL REVENUE, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION:

The revenue received by a monopolistically competitive firm for the sale of its output. Total revenue is one two bits of information a monopolistically competitive firm needs to calculate economic profit, the other is total cost. In general, total revenue is the price times quantity--the price received for selling a good times the quantity of the good sold at that price. For a monopolistically competitive firm, which has a modest degree of market control, total revenue increases at a decreasing rate. Two other revenue measures directly related to total cost are average revenue and marginal revenue. Total revenue is often depicted as a total revenue curve.
Total revenue is important to the analysis a monopolistically competitive firm's short-run production decision. A monopolistically competitive firm generally seeks to produce the quantity of output that maximizes profit, which is the difference between total revenue and total cost.

Total revenue can be represented in a table or as a curve. For a monopolistically competitive firm, the total revenue curve is a slightly curve line the emerges from the origin.

The total revenue received by a firm is price times quantity, often expressed as this simple equation:

total revenue=pricexquantity
Monopolistic competition is a market structure with a large number of small firms, each selling similar but not identical goods. Monopolistically competitive firms have relatively complete knowledge and extensive mobility into and out of the market. These conditions mean monopolistically competitive firms are price makers, with some degree of market control. The can sell output within a narrow range of prices.

Total Revenue,
Sandwich Style
Total Revenue, Monopolistic Competition
The table to the right summarizes the total revenue received by a hypothetical firm, Manny Mustard's House of Sandwich, for selling sandwiches in a monopolistically competitive market. The first column is the quantity of sandwiches sold, ranging from 0 to 10 sandwiches. The second column is the price Manny receives for selling his sandwiches, which ranges from $4.75 to $5.25 per sandwich.

The third column is then the total revenue Manny receives for producing and selling different quantities of sandwiches. If Manny sells only one sandwich at $5.25, then he receives only $5.25. If he sells 5 sandwiches at $5 each, he receives $25. In each case, total revenue in column three is calculated as the quantity in the first column multiplied by the price in the second column.

Consider a few highlights of these total revenue numbers.

  • First, total revenue is zero if Manny Mustard sells no sandwiches. This makes sense. If nothing is sold, no revenue is received.

  • Second, as Manny sells more sandwiches he receives more total revenue. As a monopolistically competitive supplier, the demand for Manny's sandwiches is relatively elastic. In the relatively elastic range of a demand curve, such as that facing Manny, a decrease in price generates an increase in quantity and an increase in total revenue.

  • Third and last, for each extra sandwich Manny sells, he receives extra revenue. This marginal revenue is less than the corresponding price. For example, the price needed to sell 5 sandwiches is $5. However, the extra revenue generated from selling the fifth sandwich is only $4.80.
Total Revenue Curve,
Sandwich Style
Total Revenue Curve, Monopolistic Competition
Total revenue is commonly represented by a total revenue curve, such as the one displayed in the exhibit to the right. This particular total revenue curve is that for sandwich sold by Manny Mustard's House of Sandwich.

The vertical axis measures total revenue and the horizontal axis measures the quantity of output (sandwiches). Although quantity on this particular graph stops at 10 sandwiches, the nature of monopolistic competition indicates it could go higher.

This curve indicates that if Manny sells 1 sandwich for $5.25, then he receives $5.25 of total revenue. Alternatively, if he sells 10 sandwiches at $4.75 each, then he receives $47.50 of total revenue.

Note that this curve is positively sloped, but the slope flattens slightly at large quantities. This occurs because Manny is a price maker and must charge a (slightly) lower price to sell a larger quantity of sandwiches.

<= TOTAL REVENUE CURVE, PERFECT COMPETITIONTOTAL REVENUE, MONOPOLY =>


Recommended Citation:

TOTAL REVENUE, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: February 25, 2018].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | total revenue | total revenue curve, monopolistic competition | total revenue, monopoly | total revenue, perfection competition | average revenue, monopolistic competition | marginal revenue, monopolistic competition | total cost | total product |


Or For A Little Background...

     | market structures | monopolistic competition | monopolistic competition, characteristics | monopolistic competition, demand | demand | demand price | law of demand | efficiency |


And For Further Study...

     | short-run production analysis | monopolistic competition, short-run production analysis | monopolistic competition, long-run production analysis | monopolistic competition, efficiency | monopolistic competition, profit maximization | monopolistic competition, loss minimization | monopolistic competition, shutdown |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | U.S. Chamber of Commerce | Better Business Bureau | Small Business Administration |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

PURPLE SMARPHIN
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time driving to a factory outlet hoping to buy either semi-gloss photo paper that works with your neighbor's printer or a birthday gift for your father that doesn't look like every other birthday gift for your father. Be on the lookout for pencil sharpeners with an attitude.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

Sixty percent of big-firm executives said the cover letter is as important or more important than the resume itself when you're looking for a new job
"Success without honor is an unseasoned dish; it will satisfy your hunger, but it won't taste good. "

-- Joe Paterno, Football coach

EMU
European Monetary Union
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2018 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster