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PERFECT COMPETITION, REALISM: Perfect competition is an idealized market structure that does NOT exist in the real world. While some real world industries might come relatively close to one or two of the four key characteristics of perfect competition, none matches all four sufficiently that they can be declared PERFECTLY competitively. Some industries come close on the large number of small firms and the identical product characteristics. A few industries have relatively good, although not perfect, information about prices and technology. However, almost all industries fall far short of the perfect mobility characteristics.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Fed
  • King Clarence
  • What It Is
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: What It Does
  • Money Control
  • Instability
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: The Fed Pyramid
  • Overview
  • Top
  • Middle
  • Base
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Monetary Policy
  • Overview
  • Overview: Graphs
  • Open Market Operations
  • Discount Rate
  • Reserve Requirements
  • Moral Suasion
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Issues
  • Policies
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Federal Reserve System

    In this lesson, we take a detailed look at the government entity that is directly responsible for controlling the money supply and undertaking business-cycle stabilizing monetary policy -- the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve System is the U.S. economy's number one bank regulator. And they do this regulation with the goal of ensuring the that the nation has just the right about money to avoid high rates of unemployment and inflation. To understand how the Federal Reserve System does it's job, we take a close look at how it is structure and policy tools it has under its' control.

    • The first unit introduces the Federal Reserve System, with a discussion of King Clarence and his role in assisting the operations of Fred the Goldsmith.
    • In the second unit we take a look at the importance of controlling the banking system, and the consequences if the control is ineffective.
    • The structure of the Federal Reserve System is examined in the third unit, with the highlights being the Chairman of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee.
    • The fourth unit then explores the assorted policy tools used by the Federal Reserve System to control the banking system and the money supply, including open market operations, discount rate, and reserve requirements.
    • We close out this lesson in the fifth unit with a few thoughts on the role politics play in the formulation of monetary policies.

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    CAPITAL DEPRECIATION

    The wearing out, breaking down, or technological obsolescence of physical capital that results from use in the production of goods and services. To paraphrase an old saying, "You can't make a car without breaking a few socket wrenches." In other words, when capital is used over and over again to produce goods and services, it wears down from such use.

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    APLS

    PINK FADFLY
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors looking to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the second moon landing or a coffee cup commemorating Thor Heyerdahl's Pacific crossing aboard the Kon-Tiki. Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.
    Your Complete Scope

    This isn't me! What am I?

    The first paper notes printed in the United States were in denominations of 1 cent, 5 cents, 25 cents, and 50 cents.
    "Live in such a way that you would not be ashamed to sell your parrot to the town gossip."

    -- Will Rogers

    TIAC
    Thrift Institutions Advisory Council
    A PEDestrian's Guide
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