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EQUALITY STANDARD: One of three basic income distribution standards (the other two are contributive standard and needs standard). The equality standard distributes income equally to every person in society. Everyone--every man, woman, and child--would, in other words, receive exactly the same, per capita income--no more, no less. If, for example, total income earned by 270 million people in the United States is $7 trillion, then every person would receive $25,925.9 each--no more, no less.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Exchange
  • What It Is
  • Equilibrium
  • Competition
  • Number
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: The Numbers
  • Schedule
  • Market Agreement
  • Equilibrium
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: A Graph
  • The Curves
  • The Equilibrium
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Adjustment
  • Self-Correction
  • Shortage
  • Surplus
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Efficiency
  • What It Is
  • Efficient Markets
  • Too Little Production
  • Too Much Production
  • Inefficiency
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Market

    In this lesson, we'll see how buyers (discussed in the demand lesson) come together with sellers (discussed in the supply lesson) to exchange commodities using a market. More precisely, this lesson develops an abstract market model, or market analysis, that we can use to explain and understand a wide range of real world exchanges.

    • This lesson begins with an overview of the basic exchange process underlying markets, including the notion of equilibrium, the roles played by price and quantity, and the importance of competition.
    • In the second unit we work through a simple market analysis using demand and supply schedules, highlight both equilibrium and disequilibrium conditions.
    • The third unit then carefully examines the notion of market equilibrium using demand and supply curves, which generates the widely used graphical model of the market.
    • Moving onto the fourth unit, we use the graphical market model to investigate the automatic market responses to shortages and surpluses.
    • The lesson concludes in the fifth unit by considering the relation between market exchanges and efficiency.

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    LAW OF DIMINISHING MARGINAL RETURNS

    A principle of short-run production stating that as a firm combines more of a variable input with a fixed input, the marginal product of the variable input eventually declines. This is THE economic principle underlying the analysis of short-run production for a firm. It offers an explanation for the law of supply and the positive slope of the market supply curve.

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    APLS

    YELLOW CHIPPEROON
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store looking to buy either a flower arrangement in a coffee cup for your father or a how-to book on meeting people. Be on the lookout for malfunctioning pocket calculators.
    Your Complete Scope

    This isn't me! What am I?

    Lombard Street is London's equivalent of New York's Wall Street.
    "Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value. "

    -- Albert Einstein

    FOMC
    Federal Open Market Committee
    A PEDestrian's Guide
    Xtra Credit
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