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January 19, 2018 

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TECHNOLOGY: The sum total of knowledge and information that society has acquired concerning the use of resources to produce goods and services. This technology often takes the form of scientific knowledge (the best combination of chemicals to make a long-lasting floor wax), but can also be plain old common sense (irrigate during a drought, not during a flood). Whether scientific or not, technology affects the technical efficiency with which resources are combined in production. An improvement in technology is thus an increase in the technical efficiency of production--more output with given inputs or fewer inputs for a given output. Technology is often embodied in capital goods. Bigger, better, faster, and less expensive computers are the result of advances in silicon chip technology. However, technology is also embodied in labor as human capital.

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BALANCE OF PAYMENTS: The difference between the funds received by a country and those paid by a country for all international transactions. The international transactions include the exchange of merchandise (exports and imports), which is commonly summarized as the balance of trade, plus the exchange of services, summarized as the balance of services, as well as any gifts or transfer payments that do not involve the exchange of goods and services. The balance of payments, in effect, indicates the difference between currency coming into a country and that flowing out of the country. The balance of payments is divided into two accounts -- current account (which includes payments for imports, exports, services, and transfers) and capital account (which includes payments for physical and financial assets).

     See also | foreign trade | international trade | export | import | balance of trade | balance of services | international finance | currency | foreign exchange market | transfer payment | balance of payments surplus | balance of payments deficit | current account | capital account | J curve |


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BALANCE OF PAYMENTS, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: January 19, 2018].


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GOVERNMENT BORROWING

The acquisition of funds through the financial markets by the government sector which are used to finance government expenditures. In terms of the simple circular flow model, this is one of two basic demands for household saving diverted into financial markets. The other is investment borrowing. Government borrowing is also one of two methods of financing government expenditures. The other is taxes.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching infomercials trying to buy either decorative picture frames or storage boxes for your income tax returns. Be on the lookout for cardboard boxes.
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Parker Brothers, the folks who produce the Monopoly board game, prints more Monopoly money each year than real currency printed by the U.S. government.
"You are never given a dream without also being given the power to make it true."

-- Richard Bach, Author

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