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September 23, 2014 

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DEFLATION: An extended decline in the average level of prices. This is the exact opposite of inflation--in which prices are rising over an extended period, and it should be contrasted with disinflation--which is a decline in the inflation rate. Like inflation, deflation occurs when the AVERAGE price level decreases over time. While some prices might decrease, other prices could increase or remain unchanged, so long as the AVERAGE follows a downward trend. Deflation is a rare bird indeed in our economy and typically happens only when we're in a prolonged period of stagnation. We might see some deflation during a fairly lengthy recession, but more than likely deflation saves itself for the occasional depression that dots our economic landscape.

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MORAL HAZARD: Moral hazard occurs when a person changes behavior to the detriment of another person, after an agreement has been reached. This is an important information problem with insurance. The problem is that the harmed party does not have information concerning the change in behavior.

     See also | information | insurance | risk | deposit insurance | bank failure | rate of return | government | adverse selection | signalling |


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MORAL HAZARD, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2014. [Accessed: September 23, 2014].


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AGGREGATE DEMAND DECREASE, SHORT-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET

A shock to the short-run aggregate market caused by a decrease in aggregate demand, resulting in and illustrated by a leftward shift of the aggregate demand curve. A decrease in aggregate demand in the short-run aggregate market results in a decrease in the price level and a decrease in real production. The level of real production resulting from the shock can be greater or less than full-employment real production.

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APLS

State of the ECONOMY

Retail Sales
July 2014
$439.8 million
No change from June 2014 Source: Econ Stats Adm.

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BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time driving to a factory outlet trying to buy either a set of serrated steak knives, with durable plastic handles or a pair of blue silicon oven mitts. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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Lombard Street is London's equivalent of New York's Wall Street.
"People of mediocre ability sometimes achieve outstanding success because they don't know when to quit. "

-- George Allen, U.S. senator

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