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RESOURCE QUALITY, AGGREGATE SUPPLY DETERMINANT: One of three categories of aggregate supply determinants assumed constant when the short-run or long-run aggregate supply curves are constructed, and which shifts both aggregate supply curves when it changes. An increase in a resource quality causes an increase (rightward shift) of both aggregate supply curves. A decrease in a resource quality causes a decrease (leftward shift) of both aggregate supply curves. The other two categories of aggregate supply determinants are resource quantity and resource price. Specific determinants falling into this general category include education and technology. Anything affecting the quality of labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship is also included.

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MARKET SOCIALISM:

A type of economy, or economic system, based on--(1) government, rather than individual, ownership of many resources, especially those like heavy manufacturing, energy reserves, widely used raw materials (lumber, steel), and transportation systems, that are deemed critical to the operation of the economy; (2) answering three questions of allocation with a combination of central planning by government and decentralized decision-making by individual factories and the owners of non-critical resources; (3) the limited use of markets to exchange farm products and retail consumer goods; (4) economic and monetary incentives, such as bonuses, paid to the workers of government-owned facilities to encourage efficiency and increased productivity.
Market socialism is a form of socialism that attempts to blend voluntary market exchanges with government oversight and control. It was developed during the late 1960s and early 1970s, primarily by socialist economies in Europe, in an attempt to address the inefficiencies of socialism.

Market socialism was designed to augment the government control of a command economy with the efficiency of market exchanges. Market socialism sought to paint the "big picture" of the economy with a moderate degree of central planning, avoid the inefficiency problems of monopoly and market control with government ownership of key industries, and encourage efficient exchanges and resource allocation using markets and decentralized decision-making.

Market socialism resides in the middle of the spectrum of economic systems, bounded by a pure market economy on one end and a pure command economy on the other. It is, perhaps more so than other economic systems, a prime example of a mixed economy. Allocation decisions are undertaken by both governments and markets.

<= MARKET SHAREMARKET STRUCTURE CONTINUUM =>


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MARKET SOCIALISM, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: July 22, 2019].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | capitalism | communism | market-oriented economy | command economy | pure command economy | pure market economy |


Or For A Little Background...

     | economy | economic system | mixed economy | government functions | ownership and control | socialism |


And For Further Study...

     | central planning | equity | nationalization | four estates | distribution standards | three questions of allocation | laissez faire | needs standard | production possibilities |


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