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December 15, 2018 

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EMPLOYMENT QUOTA: A limit on the quantity of workers hired by a firm or business, typically based on ethnic or demographic criteria. Employment quotas have been used as a means of providing increased opportunities to blacks, hispanics, women, and other groups that have been historically subject to discrimination. Such quotas, however, tend to anger other groups, especially white males, who don't receive favorable treatment. While employment or similar anti-discrimination quota systems might help address historical problems, they are not without cost. In particular, our economy's efficiency is likely to suffer if a less qualified member of an ethnic group is selected over someone who is more qualified.

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PERSONAL TAXES:

The common term for the portion of personal income used to pay personal tax and nontax payments. Personal tax and nontax payments is the official item in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economics Analysis measuring the personal income taxes paid to the government sector on personal income received by the household sector. Personal tax and nontax payments are subtracted from personal income (PI) to calculate disposable income (DI). Personal tax and nontax payments are about 15 percent of personal income and about 13 percent of gross domestic product.
The primary taxes included in personal tax and nontax payments are the personal income taxes (the ones due on April 15th) that are paid to the three levels of government--federal, state, and local. Another major component is property taxes paid to state and local governments. It also includes assorted, and minor, nontax fees and charges, such as fishing licenses and national park entrance fees.

Taxes excluded from this item might be as important as those included. Personal tax and nontax payments do NOT include Social Security taxes or sales taxes. Both of these enter into the National Income and Product Accounts in other places.

The derivation of disposable income (DI) from personal income (PI) by subtracting personal tax and nontax payments (PT) is illustrated by this equation:

DI=PI - PT

<= PERSONAL TAX AND NONTAX PAYMENTSPHENOMENON =>


Recommended Citation:

PERSONAL TAXES, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: December 15, 2018].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | personal tax and nontax payments | disposable income and personal income | gross domestic income | factor payments | transfer payments | income earned but not received | income received but not earned | corporate profits distribution |


Or For A Little Background...

     | disposable income | personal income | gross domestic product | gross domestic product, income | production | resource markets | National Income and Product Accounts | Bureau of Economic Analysis | National Bureau of Economic Research |


And For Further Study...

     | business cycles | circular flow | gross domestic product, expenditures | gross domestic product, ins and outs | gross domestic product, welfare | national income | net domestic product | gross national product | real gross domestic product | national income and gross domestic product | national income and net domestic product | personal income and national income | inflation | unemployment |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | Bureau of Economic Analysis |


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