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January 17, 2019 

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DIRECT: The mathematical notion that two variables change in the same direction, that is, an increase in X goes with an increase in Y, or a decrease in X goes with a decrease in Y. The alternative to a direct relation is an inverse relation, in which an increase in one variable goes with a decrease in the other. Direct relations are graphically illustrated by positively-sloped curves, a common example being the supply curve.

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PARETO IMPROVEMENT: Based on the Pareto efficiency criterion, the notion that an action improves efficiency if it is possible for one person to benefit without anyone else being harmed. A Pareto improvement is possible if the economy has idle resources or market failures. With idle resources, more production is possible to help some without hurting others. With market failures, corrective actions can eliminate deadweight loss that can then be use for benefits economy-wide. A contrasting condition for attaining efficiency is the Kaldor-Hicks improvement.

     See also | Pareto efficiency | efficiency | Kaldor-Hicks improvement | Kaldor-Hicks efficiency | welfare economics | externality | market failure | unemployment | resources |


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MARGINAL FACTOR COST, MONOPSONY

The change in total factor cost resulting from a change in the quantity of factor input employed by a monopsony. Marginal factor cost, abbreviated MFC, indicates how total factor cost changes with the employment of one more input. It is found by dividing the change in total factor cost by the change in the quantity of input used. Marginal factor cost is compared with marginal revenue product to identify the profit-maximizing quantity of input to hire.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at the confiscated property police auction seeking to buy either handcrafted decorations to hang on your walls or throw pillows for your bed. Be on the lookout for deranged pelicans.
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The earliest known use of paper currency was about 1270 in China during the rule of Kubla Khan.
"Being defeated is only a temporary condition; giving up is what makes it permanent."

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DCF
Discounted Cash Flow
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