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October 16, 2018 

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ADJUSTMENT, LONG-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET: Disequilibrium in the long-run aggregate market induces changes in the price level that restore equilibrium. If the price level is above the long-run equilibrium price level, economy-wide product market surpluses cause the price level to fall. If the price level is below the long-run equilibrium price level, economy-wide product market shortages cause the price level to rise. In both cases long-run equilibrium is restored. Price level changes induce changes in aggregate expenditures but NOT changes in real production. The reason is that long-run aggregate supply is full-employment real production, which is unaffected by the price level.

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COST-PUSH INFLATION: Inflation of the economy's average price level induced by decreases in aggregate supply that result from increases in production cost. This type of inflation occurs when the cost of using any of the four factors of production (labor, capital, land, or entrepreneurship) increases. In general, higher production cost means the economy simply can't continue to supply the same production at the same price level. If buyers want the production, they must pay higher prices. The higher cost "pushes" the price level higher. You might want to compare cost-push inflation with demand-pull inflation.

     See also | inflation | aggregate supply | production cost | factors of production | labor | capital | land | entrepreneurship | household sector | business sector | government sector | foreign sector | aggregate expenditures | demand-pull inflation | production possibilities | aggregate market | long-run aggregate supply curve | aggregate demand curve | shortage | price level |


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COST-PUSH INFLATION, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: October 16, 2018].


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EMPLOYED PERSONS

People who are actively engaged in the production of goods and services. This is one of three official categories used to classify individuals by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) based on information obtained from the Current Population Survey. The other two categories are unemployed persons and not in the labor force. The sum of employed persons and unemployed persons constitutes the civilian labor force.

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NAIRU
Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment
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