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January 18, 2019 

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SHORT RUN, MICROECONOMICS: In terms of the microeconomic analysis of production and supply, a period of time in which at least one input in the production process is variable and one is fixed. You should compare and contrast the short run with long-run production, very long run, and market period. In the microeconomic analysis, the short run is primarily used to analyze production decisions for a firm. In this context, the variable input is typically labor and the fixed input is capital. The short-run analysis of production reveals the law of diminishing marginal returns and provides an understanding of the upward-sloping supply curve and the law of supply.

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MARGINAL COST AND MARGINAL PRODUCT: Because variable cost is largely associated with the cost of employing a variable input in the short run, it's possible to identify a connection between the marginal cost curve and the marginal product curve. In particular, the quantity of output in which marginal cost is at a minimum, is the same quantity of output produced by the variable input when the marginal product of the variable input is at a maximum. In addition, over the range of production in which the variable input experiences increasing marginal returns and marginal product increases, the marginal cost curve declines. And over the range of production in which the variable input experiences decreasing marginal returns brought on by the law of diminishing marginal returns and marginal product increases, the marginal cost curve is rising.

     See also | marginal cost | marginal product | law of diminishing marginal returns | variable input | variable cost | fixed input | fixed cost | marginal cost curve | marginal product curve |


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MARGINAL COST AND MARGINAL PRODUCT, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2019. [Accessed: January 18, 2019].


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SEVENTH RULE OF COMPLEXITY

The seventh of seven basic rules of the economy, stating that every action in the complex world has direct and often intended consequences combined with indirect and probably unintended effects.

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