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CD: The abbreviation for certificate of deposit, which is a type of savings account maintained by banks and other depository institutions that pays higher interest rates that normal savings accounts, but requires the funds not be withdrawn for a specified time period. Small denomination CDs (under $100,000) are a component of the M2 monetary aggregate. Larger denomination CDs (over $100,000) are a component of the M3 monetary aggregate.

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MARKET FAILURES: Conditions in which a market does not efficiently allocate resources to achieve the greatest possible consumer satisfaction. The four main market failures are--(1) public good, (2) market control, (3) externality, and (4) imperfect information. In each case, a market acting without any government imposed direction, does not direct an efficient amount of our resources into the production, distribution, or consumption of the good.

     See also | market | fifth rule of imperfection | sixth rule of ignorance | public good | market control | externalities | production | consumption | information | pollution | regulation |


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MARKET FAILURES, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2018. [Accessed: June 20, 2018].


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CLASSICAL ECONOMICS

A theory of economics, especially directed toward macroeconomics, based on the unrestricted workings of markets and the pursuit of individual self interests. Classical economics relies on three key assumptions--flexible prices, Say's law, and saving-investment equality--in the analysis of macroeconomics. The primary implications of this theory are that markets automatically achieve equilibrium and in so doing maintain full employment of resources without the need for government intervention. Classical economics emerged from the foundations laid by Adam Smith in his book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, published in 1776. Although it fell out of favor in the 1930s, many classical principles remain important to modern macroeconomic theories, especially aggregate market (AS-AD) analysis, rational expectations theory, and supply-side economics.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing about a thrift store trying to buy either a box of multi-colored, plastic paper clips or several orange mixing bowls. Be on the lookout for empty parking spaces that appear to be near the entrance to a store.
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On a typical day, the United States Mint produces over $1 million worth of dimes.
"Well done is better than well said. "

-- Benjamin Franklin, statesman, inventor

WLS
Weighted Least Squares
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