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February 9, 2023 

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LONG RUN, MACROECONOMICS: In terms of the macroeconomic analysis of the aggregate market, a period of time in which all prices, especially wages, are flexible, and have achieved their equilibrium levels. This is one of two macroeconomic time designations; the other is the short run. Long-run wage and price flexibility means that ALL markets, including resources markets and most notably labor markets, are in equilibrium, with neither surpluses nor shortages. Wage and price flexibility and the resulting resource market equilibria are the reason for the vertical long-run aggregate supply curve.

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FACTOR DEMAND AND MARGINAL REVENUE PRODUCT: For a firm that hires the services of a factor in a perfectly competitive factor market, the factor demand curve is that portion of the marginal revenue product curve that lies below the average revenue product curve. The relation between marginal revenue product and factor demand for a perfectly competitive firm is comparable to the relation between marginal cost and short-run supply. A perfectly competitive firm maximizes profit by hiring the quantity of a factor that equates factor price and marginal revenue product. As such, the firm moves along it's marginal revenue product curve in response to alternative factor prices.

     See also | factor demand | marginal revenue product | factors of production | marginal revenue product curve | average revenue product curve | marginal cost | short-run supply curve | perfect competition | firm | law of diminishing marginal returns | marginal physical product | factor demand curve |


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FACTOR DEMAND AND MARGINAL REVENUE PRODUCT, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2023. [Accessed: February 9, 2023].


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LAW OF DIMINISHING MARGINAL RETURNS

A principle of short-run production stating that as a firm combines more of a variable input with a fixed input, the marginal product of the variable input eventually declines. This is THE economic principle underlying the analysis of short-run production for a firm. It offers an explanation for the law of supply and the positive slope of the market supply curve.

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