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April 28, 2015 

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VALUE-ADDED TAX: A tax on the extra value added during each stage in the production of a good. Most of the stuff our economy produces goes through several "stages," usually with different businesses. In each stage, resources do their thing to the good to make it a little more valuable. For example, an ice cream store can take 50 cents worth of ice cream, fudge, and whipped topping and turn it into a hot fudge sundae that's valued at $1.50. The efforts of the ice cream resources thus add $1 in value. A value-added tax is based on this extra value. While it's been debated off and on in the United States, a value-added tax is commonly used in Europe.

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PLURALITY RULE: A voting rule in which decisions are made based on a plurality of the votes cast. A plurality is defined as the most votes obtained when more than two candidates or options exist, but none receives a majority. If, for example, two of three candidates running for office receive 33 percent of the vote, then the third candidate with 34 percent receives the plurality. Presidential primary elections, which can have up to a dozen candidates, are commonly won with a plurality of the votes. This is one of several voting rules. Others include majority, super majority, and unanimity.

     See also | public choice | majority rule | super majority rule | unanimity rule | voter paradox | principle of the median voter | logrolling | explicit logrolling | implicit logrolling | Tiebout hypothesis | principal-agent problem |


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PLURALITY RULE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2015. [Accessed: April 28, 2015].


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PARTNERSHIP

A business that is owned and operated by two or more people. The owners and the business are legally considered one and the same. As such, the owners receive any and all profit, incur any and all loss, and are responsible for any and all debts including those made by a partner. This creates what is termed unlimited liability. In that each partner is responsible for the actions of the others, partnerships tend to be relatively small, with only a handful of people involved. A partnership is one of the three basic forms of business organization. The other two are proprietorship and corporation. This form of business is common for professional-types, like lawyers, accountants, dentists, and physicians.

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APLS

State of the ECONOMY

e-commerce sales
2nd Quarter 2014
$75.0 billion
Up 4.9% from 1st Quarter 2014 US Census Bureau

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YELLOW CHIPPEROON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time going from convenience store to convenience store seeking to buy either a replacement remote control for your television or a replacement nozzle for your shower. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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Much of the $15 million used by the United States to finance the Louisiana Purchase from France was borrowed from European banks.
"Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely. "

-- Auguste Rodin, Sculptor

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