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March 6, 2015 

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MARGINAL COST AND MARGINAL PRODUCT: Because variable cost is largely associated with the cost of employing a variable input in the short run, it's possible to identify a connection between the marginal cost curve and the marginal product curve. In particular, the quantity of output in which marginal cost is at a minimum, is the same quantity of output produced by the variable input when the marginal product of the variable input is at a maximum. In addition, over the range of production in which the variable input experiences increasing marginal returns and marginal product increases, the marginal cost curve declines. And over the range of production in which the variable input experiences decreasing marginal returns brought on by the law of diminishing marginal returns and marginal product increases, the marginal cost curve is rising.

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PLURALITY RULE: A voting rule in which decisions are made based on a plurality of the votes cast. A plurality is defined as the most votes obtained when more than two candidates or options exist, but none receives a majority. If, for example, two of three candidates running for office receive 33 percent of the vote, then the third candidate with 34 percent receives the plurality. Presidential primary elections, which can have up to a dozen candidates, are commonly won with a plurality of the votes. This is one of several voting rules. Others include majority, super majority, and unanimity.

     See also | public choice | majority rule | super majority rule | unanimity rule | voter paradox | principle of the median voter | logrolling | explicit logrolling | implicit logrolling | Tiebout hypothesis | principal-agent problem |


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PLURALITY RULE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2015. [Accessed: March 6, 2015].


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EXPLICIT LOGROLLING

The straightforward, unambigous trading of votes to ensure a favorable outcome for two or more separate decisions. Commonly practiced in legislative bodies, explicit logrolling occurs when each of two voters agree to cast separate votes for two separate programs. The contrast is with implicit logrolling in which two separate programs or policies are combined into a single package, which is then subject to a single vote. Whether explicit or implicit, logrolling is generally used when neither decision is able to obtain the necessary majority of the votes needed for passage on their own accord.

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APLS

State of the ECONOMY

Real Average Hourly Earnings
December 2014
$10.40
Up 0.1% from November 2014

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BEIGE MUNDORTLE
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time calling an endless list of 800 numbers hoping to buy either a decorative windchime with plastic or a flower arrangement for that special day for your mother. Be on the lookout for telephone calls from former employers.
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Parker Brothers, the folks who produce the Monopoly board game, prints more Monopoly money each year than real currency printed by the U.S. government.
"All things are difficult before they are easy."

-- Thomas Fuller, Physician

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