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August 29, 2016 

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PERFECT COMPETITION AND EFFICIENCY: Perfect competition is the idealized market structure that achieves an efficient allocation of resources. The conditions of perfect competition, including (1) large number of small firms, (2) identical products sold by all firms, (3) freedom of entry into and exit out of the industry, and (4) perfect knowledge of prices and technology, ensure that perfect competition efficiently allocates resources. This is in fact the purpose of perfect competition: a market structure that illustrates perfection, the best of all possible resource allocation worlds. The real world falls short of this perfection.

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PRINCIPLE OF THE MEDIAN VOTER: A voting principle stating that the median voter determines the outcome of an election governed by majority rule. The median voter is the one with an equal number of voters on either side of the vote. As such, the vote cast by THE median voter is the deciding or majority vote. However, this median voter's preference might not generate the best, that is, efficient, result.

     See also | public choice | majority rule | super majority rule | unanimity rule | plurality rule | voter paradox | logrolling | explicit logrolling | implicit logrolling | Tiebout hypothesis | principal-agent problem | principle of median location |


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PRINCIPLE OF THE MEDIAN VOTER, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2016. [Accessed: August 29, 2016].


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LONG RUN, MACROECONOMICS

In terms of the macroeconomic analysis of the aggregate market, a period of time in which all prices, especially wages, are flexible, and are able to achieve equilibrium levels. This is one of two macroeconomic time designations; the other is the short run. Long-run wage and price flexibility means that ALL markets, including resource markets and most notably labor markets, are in equilibrium, with neither surpluses nor shortages. Wage and price flexibility and the resulting resource market equilibria are the reason for the vertical long-run aggregate supply curve.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing through a long list of dot com websites wanting to buy either a weathervane with a horse on top or a case of blank recordable DVDs. Be on the lookout for florescent light bulbs that hum folk songs from the sixties.
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