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October 31, 2014 

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DIAMOND-WATER PARADOX: The perplexing observation that water, which is more useful than diamonds, has a lower price. If price is related to utility, how can this occur? This paradox was first proposed by classical economists in the 19th century and was subsequently used as a stepping stone for developing the notion of marginal utility and the role it plays in the demand price of a good. The paradox is magically cleared up with an understanding of marginal utility and total utility. People are willing to pay a higher price for goods with greater marginal utility. As such, water which is plentiful has enormous total utility, but a low price because of a low marginal utility. Diamonds, however, have less total utility because they are less plentiful, but a high price because of a high marginal utility.

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PRINCIPLE OF THE MEDIAN VOTER: A voting principle stating that the median voter determines the outcome of an election governed by majority rule. The median voter is the one with an equal number of voters on either side of the vote. As such, the vote cast by THE median voter is the deciding or majority vote. However, this median voter's preference might not generate the best, that is, efficient, result.

     See also | public choice | majority rule | super majority rule | unanimity rule | plurality rule | voter paradox | logrolling | explicit logrolling | implicit logrolling | Tiebout hypothesis | principal-agent problem | principle of median location |


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PRINCIPLE OF THE MEDIAN VOTER, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2014. [Accessed: October 31, 2014].


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INDIRECT BUSINESS TAXES

The official entry in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis for sales taxes. Indirect business taxes are one key difference between national income (the resource cost of production) and gross (and net) domestic product (the market value of production). Indirect business taxes (IBT) is generally less than 10 percent of gross domestic product (7 to 8 percent is common).

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APLS

State of the ECONOMY

Wholesale Inventories
July 2014
$533.8 billion
Up 0.1% from June 2014. Econ. Stat. Admin.

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BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center wanting to buy either a really, really exciting, action-filled video game or a coffee cup commemorating the moon landing. Be on the lookout for crowded shopping malls.
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This isn't me! What am I?

The Dow Jones family of stock market price indexes began with a simple average of 11 stock prices in 1884.
"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new. "

-- Albert Einstein, physicist

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Vector Autoregression
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